The practical atheism and total and universal depravity of the wicked,
with their hatred to the good, are set forth. Yet, as they dread God's
judgments when He vindicates His people, the Psalmist prays for His
1. Sinners are termed "fools," because they
think and act contrary to right reason (Ge 34:7; Jos
7:15; Ps 39:8; 74:18, 22).
in his heart—to himself (Ge 6:12).
2. looked—in earnest enquiry.
understand—as opposed to "fool" [Ps 14:1].
3. filthy—literally, "spoiled," or,
"soured," "corrupted" (Job 15:16; Ro 3:12).
4-6. Their conduct evinces indifference rather
than ignorance of God; for when He appears in judgment, they are
stricken with great fear.
who eat up my people—to express their
beastly fury (Pr 30:14; Hab 3:14). To "call on the Lord" is to worship
7. captivity—denotes any great evil.
Zion—God's abode, from which He
revealed His purposes of mercy, as He now does by the Church (compare
20:2), and which He rules and
in which He does all other things for the good of His people (Eph 1:22).