Ps 44:1-26. In a time of great national distress,
probably in David's reign, the Psalmist recounts God's gracious
dealings in former times, and the confidence they had learned to repose
in Him. After a vivid picture of their calamities, he humbly
expostulates against God's apparent forgetfulness, reminding Him of
their faithfulness and mourning their heavy sorrows.
1-3. This period is that of the settlement of
Canaan (Jos 24:12; Jud 6:3).
have told—or, "related" (compare Ex 10:2).
2. plantedst them—that is, "our
fathers," who are also, from the parallel construction of the last
clause, to be regarded as the object of "cast them out," which
means—literally, "send" them out, or, "extend them."
Heathen and people denote the nations who were driven out
to make room for the Israelites.
4. Thou art my King—literally, "he who
is my King," sustaining the same covenant relation as to the
5. The figure drawn from the habits of the
6-8. God is not only our sole help, but only
worthy of praise.
7. put … to shame—(compare Ps 6:10), disgraced.
8. thy name—as in Ps 5:11.
9. But—contrasting, cast off as
abhorrent (Ps 43:2).
goest not forth—literally, "will not
5:23). In several consecutive
verses the leading verb is future, and the following one
past (in Hebrew), thus denoting the causes and effects.
44:10-12), when defeated,
spoiling follows; when delivered as sheep, dispersion follows,
11. The Babylonian captivity not necessarily
meant. There were others (compare 1Ki 8:46).
13, 14. (Compare De 28:37; Ps
15. shame of … face—blushes in
16. Its cause, the taunts and presence of
malignant enemies (Ps 8:2).
17-19. They had not apostatized
totally—were still God's people.
18. declined—turned aside from God's
19. sore broken—crushed.
place of dragons—desolate, barren,
rocky wilderness (Ps 63:10; Isa 13:22),
shadow of death—(Compare Ps 23:4).
20, 21. A solemn appeal to God to witness
stretched out … hands—gesture of
worship (Ex 9:29; Ps 88:9).
22. Their protracted sufferings as God's
people attests the constancy. Paul (Ro 8:36) uses this to describe Christian
steadfastness in persecution.
23-26. This style of addressing God, as
indifferent, is frequent (Ps 3:7; 9:19; 13:1, &c.). However low their condition,
God is appealed to, on the ground, and for the honor, of His mercy.