Ps 39:1-13. To Jeduthun (1Ch 16:41, 42), one of the chief singers. His
name mentioned, perhaps, as a special honor. Under depressing views of
his frailty and the prosperity of the wicked, the Psalmist, tempted to
murmur, checks the expression of his feelings, till, led to regard his
case aright, he prays for a proper view of his condition and for the
1. I said—or, "resolved."
will take heed—watch.
ways—conduct, of which the use of the
tongue is a part (Jas 1:26).
bridle—literally, "muzzle for my
mouth" (compare De 25:4).
while … before me—in beholding
their prosperity (Ps 37:10, 36).
2. even from good—(Ge 31:24), everything.
3. His emotions, as a smothered flame, burst
4-7. Some take these words as those of
fretting, but they are not essentially such. The tinge of discontent
arises from the character of his suppressed emotions. But, addressing
God, they are softened and subdued.
make me to know mine
how frail I am—literally, "when I
5, 6. His prayer is answered in his obtaining
an impressive view of the vanity of the life of all men, and their
transient state. Their pomp is a mere image, and their wealth is
gathered they know not for whom.
7. The interrogation makes the implied
negative stronger. Though this world offers nothing to our expectation,
God is worthy of all confidence.
8-10. Patiently submissive, he prays for the
removal of his chastisement, and that he may not be a reproach.
11. From his own case, he argues to that of
all, that the destruction of man's enjoyments is ascribable to sin.
12, 13. Consonant with the tenor of the Psalm,
he prays for God's compassionate regard to him as a stranger here; and
that, as such was the condition of his fathers, so, like them, he may
be cheered instead of being bound under wrath and chastened in