On title, see Introduction. Alluding
to some event in his history, as in 1Sa 23:13, the Psalmist avows his confidence in
God, when admonished to flee from his raging persecutors, whose
destruction of the usual foundations of safety rendered all his efforts
useless. The grounds of his confidence are God's supreme dominion, His
watchful care of His people, His hatred to the wicked and judgments on
them, and His love for righteousness and the righteous.
1. my soul—me (Ps 3:2).
Flee—literally, "flee ye"; that is, he
and his companion.
as a bird to your mountain—having as
such no safety but in flight (compare 1Sa 26:20; La 3:52).
2. privily—literally, "in darkness,"
3. Literally, "The foundations (that is, of
good order and law) will be destroyed, what has the righteous done (to
sustain them)?" All his efforts have failed.
4. temple … heaven—The connection
seems to denote God's heavenly residence; the term used is taken from
the place of His visible earthly abode (Ps 2:6; 3:4; 5:7). Thence He inspects men with close
5. The trial of the righteous results in their
approval, as it is contrasted with God's hatred to the wicked.
6. Their punishment is described by vivid
figures denoting abundant, sudden, furious, and utter destruction
(compare Ge 19:24; Job 18:15; Ps 7:15; 9:15).
cup—is a frequent figure for God's
favor or wrath (Ps 16:5; 23:5; Mt 20:22, 23).
7. his countenance—literally, "their
faces," a use of the plural applied to God, as in Ge
1:26; 3:22; 11:7; Isa 6:8,
&c., denoting the fulness of His perfections, or more probably
originating in a reference to the trinity of persons. "Faces" is used
as "eyes" (Ps 11:4),
expressing here God's complacency towards the upright (compare Ps 34:15,