Ps 94:1-23. The writer, appealing to God in view of
the oppression of enemies, rebukes them for their wickedness and folly,
and encourages himself, in the confidence that God will punish
evildoers, and favor His people.
1, 2. God's revenge is His judicial infliction
of righteous punishment.
2. Lift up thyself—or, "Arise," both
figures representing God as heretofore indifferent (compare Ps 3:7;
3, 4. In an earnest expostulation he expresses
his desire that the insolent triumph of the wicked may be ended.
5, 6. thy people [and] thine
heritage—are synonymous, the people being often called God's
heritage. As justice to the weak is a sign of the best government,
their oppression is a sign of the worst (De 10:18; Isa 10:2).
7. Their cruelty is only exceeded by their
wicked and absurd presumption (Ps 10:11; 59:7).
8. ye brutish—(Compare Ps 73:22;
9-11. The evidence of God's providential
government is found in His creative power and omniscience, which also
assure us that He can punish the wicked in regard to all their vain
12, 13. On the other hand He favors though He
chastens, the pious, and will teach and preserve them till the
prosperous wicked are overthrown.
14, 15. This results from His abiding love
32:15), which is further
evinced by His restoring order in His government, whose right
administration will be approved by the good.
16. These questions imply that none other than
God will help (Ps 60:9),
17-19. a fact fully confirmed by his past
dwelt in silence—as in the grave
19. my thoughts—or, anxious cares.
20. throne—power, rulers.
iniquity [and] mischief—both
denote evils done to others, as Ps 94:21 explains.
22, 23. Yet he is safe in God's care.
rock of … refuge—(Ps 9:9; 18:2).
23. bring … iniquity—(Compare
in their … wickedness—while they
are engaged in evil doing.