On Neginoth (See on Ps 4:1, title) upon
Sheminith—the eighth—an instrument for the eighth key;
or, more probably, the bass, as it is contrasted with Alamoth (the
46:1) in 1Ch 15:20, 21. In deep affliction the Psalmist
appeals to God's mercy for relief from chastisement, which otherwise
must destroy him, and thus disable him for God's service. Sure of a
gracious answer, he triumphantly rebukes his foes.
1. He owns his ill desert in begging a relief
2. I am weak—as a culled plant (Isa 24:4).
my bones—the very frame.
are vexed—(Ps 2:5)—shaken with fear.
3. how long?—shall this be so (compare
thou—The sentence is incomplete as
expressive of strong emotion.
4. Return—that is, to my relief; or,
"turn," as now having His face averted.
for thy mercies' sake—to illustrate
5. (Compare Ps 115:17, 18; Isa
38:18). There is no
incredulity as to a future state. The contrast is between this scene of
life, and the grave or Sheol, the unseen world of the dead.
give … thanks—or, "praise for
6. By a strong figure the abundance as well as
intensity of grief is depicted.
7. consumed—or, "has failed," denoting
general debility (Ps 13:3; 38:10).
waxeth old—or, "dim."
grief—mingled with indignation.
8, 9. Assured of God's hearing, he suddenly
defies his enemies by an address indicating that he no longer fears
10. and knows they will be disappointed and in
their turn (compare Ps 6:3) be
terror-stricken or confounded.