Ps 80:1-19. Shoshannim—"Lilies" (see
on Ps 45:1, title). Eduth—Testimony,
referring to the topic as a testimony of God to His people (compare
Ps 19:7). This Psalm probably relates to
the captivity of the ten tribes, as the former to that of Judah. Its
complaint is aggravated by the contrast of former prosperity, and the
prayer for relief occurs as a refrain through the Psalm.
1, 2. Joseph—for Ephraim (1Ch
7:20-29; Ps 78:67; Re 7:8),
Shepherd—(Compare Ge 49:24).
leadest, &c.—(Ps 77:20).
dwellest … cherubim—(Ex 25:20); the place of God's visible
glory, whence He communed with the people (Heb 9:5).
shine forth—appear (Ps 50:2; 94:1).
2. Before Ephraim, &c.—These tribes
marched next the ark (Nu 2:18-24). The name of Benjamin may be introduced
merely in allusion to that fact, and not because that tribe was
identified with Israel in the schism (1Ki 12:16-21; compare also Nu 10:24).
3. Turn us—that is, from captivity.
thy face to shine—(Nu 6:25).
4. be angry—(Compare Margin.)
5. bread of tears—still an Eastern
figure for affliction.
6. strife—object or cause of (Isa 9:11). On last clause compare Ps 79:4;
8-11. brought—or, "plucked up," as by
roots, to be replanted.
a vine—(Ps 78:47). The figure (Isa 16:8) represents the flourishing state of
Israel, as predicted (Ge 28:14),
and verified (1Ki 4:20-25).
12. hedges—(Isa 5:5).
13. The boar—may represent the ravaging
the wild beast—other heathen.
14, 15. visit this vine—favorably (Ps 8:4).
15. And the vineyard—or, "And protect or
guard what thy right hand," &c.
the branch—literally, "over the Son of
man," preceding this phrase, with "protect" or "watch."
for thyself—a tacit allusion to the
plea for help; for
16. it—the "vine" or
they—the "people" are suffering from
17. thy hand … upon—that is,
strengthen (Ezr 7:6; 8:22).
man of … hand—may allude to
Benjamin (Ge 35:18).
The terms in the latter clause correspond with those of Ps 80:15, from "and the branch," &c.,
literally, and confirm the exposition given above.
18. We need quickening grace (Ps 71:20;
119:25) to persevere in Thy
right worship (Ge 4:26; Ro 10:11).
19. (Compare Ps 80:3, "O God"; Ps 80:7, "O God of hosts").