Ps 77:1-20. To Jeduthun—(See on Ps 39:1, title). In a time of great affliction, when
ready to despair, the Psalmist derives relief from calling to mind
God's former and wonderful works of delivering power and grace.
1. expresses the purport of the Psalm.
2. his importunacy.
my sore ran … night—literally,
"my hand was spread," or, "stretched out" (compare Ps 44:20).
ceased not—literally, "grew not numb,"
or, "feeble" (Ge 45:26; Ps 38:8).
my soul … comforted—(compare
Ge 37:35; Jer 31:15).
3-9. His sad state contrasted with former
was troubled—literally, "violently
agitated," or disquieted (Ps 39:6; 41:5).
my spirit was overwhelmed—or,
"fainted" (Ps 107:5; Jon 2:7).
4. holdest … waking—or, "fast,"
that I cannot sleep. Thus he is led to express his anxious feelings in
several earnest questions indicative of impatient sorrow.
10. Omitting the supplied words, we may read,
"This is my affliction—the years of," &c., "years" being
taken as parallel to affliction (compare Ps 90:15), as of God's ordering.
11, 12. He finds relief in contrasting God's
former deliverances. Shall we receive good at His hands, and not evil?
Both are orderings of unerring mercy and unfailing love.
13. Thy way … in the
sanctuary—God's ways of grace and providence (Ps 22:3; 67:2), ordered on holy principles, as
developed in His worship; or implied in His perfections, if "holiness"
be used for "sanctuary," as some prefer translating (compare Ex 15:11).
14-20. Illustrations of God's power in His
special interventions for His people (Ex 14:1-31), and, in the more common, but sublime,
control of nature (Ps 22:11-14; Hab 3:14) which may have attended those
miraculous events (Ex 14:24).
15. Jacob and Joseph—representing
19. waters … , footsteps—may refer
to His actual leading the people through the sea, though also
expressing the mysteries of providence.