Ps 72:1-19. For, or literally, "of Solomon."
The closing verse rather relates to the second book of Psalms, of which
this is the last, and was perhaps added by some collector, to intimate
that the collection, to which, as chief author, David's name was
appended, was closed. In this view, these may consistently be the
productions of others included, as of Asaph, sons of Korah, and
Solomon; and a few of David's may be placed in the latter series. The
fact that here the usual mode of denoting authorship is used, is
strongly conclusive that Solomon was the author, especially as no
stronger objection appears than what has been now set aside. The Psalm,
in highly wrought figurative style, describes the reign of a king as
"righteous, universal, beneficent, and perpetual." By the older Jewish
and most modern Christian interpreters, it has been referred to Christ,
whose reign, present and prospective, alone corresponds with its
statements. As the imagery of the second Psalm was drawn from the
martial character of David's reign, that of this is from the peaceful
and prosperous state of Solomon's.
1. Give the king, &c.—a prayer which
is equivalent to a prediction.
judgments—the acts, and (figuratively)
the principles of a right government (Joh 5:22; 9:39).
conducting such a government.
king's son—same person as a
king—a very proper title for Christ, as such in both natures.
2, &c. The effects of such a government by
one thus endowed are detailed.
thy people … and thy poor—or,
"meek," the pious subjects of his government.
3. As mountains and hills are
not usually productive, they are here selected to show the abundance of
peace, being represented as
bringing—or, literally, "bearing" it
as a produce.
by righteousness—that is, by means of
his eminently just and good methods of ruling.
4. That peace, including prosperity, as an
eminent characteristic of Christ's reign (Isa 2:4;
Isa 9:6; 11:9), will be
illustrated in the security provided for the helpless and needy, and
the punishment inflicted on oppressors, whose power to injure or mar
the peace of others will be destroyed (compare Isa 65:25;
children of the needy—for the needy
(compare sons of strangers, Ps 18:45
5. as long as … endure—literally,
"with the sun," coeval with its existence, and before, or, in
presence of the moon, while it lasts (compare Ge 11:28, "before Terah," literally, "in presence
of," while he lived).
6. A beautiful figure expresses the
grateful nature of His influence;
7, and, carrying out the figure, the results
are described in an abundant production.
flourish—literally, "sprout," or,
8. The foreign nations mentioned (Ps 72:9, 10) could not be included in the
limits, if designed to indicate the boundaries of Solomon's kingdom.
The terms, though derived from those used (Ex 23:31; De
11:24) to denote the
possessions of Israel, must have a wider sense. Thus, "ends of the
earth" is never used of Palestine, but always of the world (compare
9-11. The extent of the conquests.
They that dwell in the wilderness—the
wild, untutored tribes of deserts.
bow … dust—in profound
submission. The remotest and wealthiest nations shall acknowledge Him
12-14. They are not the conquests of arms, but
the influences of humane and peaceful principles (compare Isa
9:7; 11:1-9; Zec 9:9, 10).
15. In his prolonged life he will continue to
receive the honorable gifts of the rich, and the prayers of his people
shall be made for him, and their praises given to him.
16. The spiritual blessings, as often in
Scripture, are set forth by material, the abundance of which is
described by a figure, in which a "handful" (or literally, "a piece,"
or small portion) of corn in the most unpropitious locality, shall
produce a crop, waving in the wind in its luxuriant growth, like the
forests of Lebanon.
they of the city … earth—This
clause denotes the rapid and abundant increase of population—
the city—Jerusalem, the center and
seat of the typical kingdom.
flourish—or, glitter as new
grass—that is, bloom. This increase corresponds with the
increased productiveness. So, as the gospel blessings are diffused,
there shall arise increasing recipients of them, out of the Church in
which Christ resides as head.
17. His name—or, "glorious
as long as the sun—(Compare Ps 72:5).
men shall be blessed—(Ge 12:3;
18, 19. These words close the Psalm in terms
consistent with the style of the context, while Ps 72:20 is evidently, from its prosaic style, an
addition for the purpose above explained [see on Ps
20. ended—literally, "finished," or
completed; the word never denotes fulfilment, except in a very late
usage, as in Ezr 1:1; Da 12:7.