Ps 60:1-12. Shushan-eduth—Lily of
testimony. The lily is an emblem of beauty (see on Ps
45:1, title). As a description of the Psalm, those terms combined
may denote a beautiful poem, witnessing—that is, for God's
faithfulness as evinced in the victories referred to in the history
cited. Aram-naharaim—Syria of the two rivers, or
Mesopotamia beyond the river (Euphrates) (2Sa 10:16). Aram-zobah—Syria of Zobah
10:6), to whose king the king
of the former was tributary. The war with Edom, by Joab and Abishai
18:12, 25), occurred about
the same time. Probably, while doubts and fears alternately prevailed
respecting the issue of these wars, the writer composed this Psalm, in
which he depicts, in the language of God's people, their sorrows under
former disasters, offers prayer in present straits, and rejoices in
confident hope of triumph by God's aid.
1-3. allude to disasters.
cast … off—in scorn (Ps 43:2;
scattered—broken our strength (compare
Oh, turn thyself—or, "restore to us"
(prosperity). The figures of physical, denote great civil, commotions
3. drink … wine of
astonishment—literally, "of staggering"—that is, made
us weak (compare Ps 75:8; Isa 51:17, 22).
4, 5. Yet to God's banner they will rally, and
pray that, led and sustained by His power (right hand, Ps 17:7; 20:6), they may be safe.
5. hear me—or, "hear us."
6-10. God hath spoken in—or, "by."
his holiness—(Ps 89:35; Am
4:2), on the pledge of His
attributes (Ps 22:3; 30:4). Taking courage from God's promise to
give them possession (Ex 23:31; De 11:24) (and perhaps renewed to him by special
revelation), with triumphant joy he describes the conquest as already
Shechem, and … Succoth—as widely
separated points, and—
7. Gilead … and Manasseh—as large
districts, east and west of Jordan, represent the whole land.
divide … and mete out—means to
have entire control over.
Ephraim—denotes the military (De 33:17); and—
Judah—(the lawgiver, Ge 49:10), the civil power. Foreign nations are
then presented as subdued.
8. Moab—is a my washpot—the most
Edom—(as a slave) he casts his
Philistia, triumph, &c.—or,
for me—acknowledges subjection
108:9, "over Philistia will I
9, 10. He feels assured that, though once
angry, God is now ready to favor His people.
who will lead me—or, who has led
me, as if the work were now begun.
10. Wilt not thou?—or, "Is it not
11, 12. Hence he closes with a prayer for
success, and an assurance of a hearing.