Ps 56:1-13. Upon
Jonath-elem-rechokim—literally, "upon the dove of silence" of
distant places; either denoting a melody (see on Ps
9:1) of that name, to which this Psalm was to be performed; or it
is an enigmatical form of denoting the subject, as given in the history
referred to (1Sa 21:11,
&c.), David being regarded as an uncomplaining, meek dove, driven
from his native home to wander in exile. Beset by domestic and foreign
foes, David appeals confidently to God, recites his complaints, and
closes with joyful and assured anticipations of God's continued
1, 2. would swallow—literally, "pants as
a raging beast" (Ac 9:1).
2. enemies—watchers (Ps 54:5).
most High—As it is not elsewhere used
absolutely for God, some render the word here, arrogantly, or proudly,
as qualifying "those who fight," &c.
3. in—or literally, "unto."
thee—to whom he turns in trouble.
4. in God … his word—By His grace
or aid (Ps 60:12; 108:13), or, "I will boast in God as to His
word"; in either case His word is the special matter and cause of
flesh—for mankind (Ps 65:2; Isa
5, 6. A vivid picture of the conduct of
7. Shall they escape? &c.—or better,
"Their escape is by iniquity."
cast … people—humble those who
so proudly oppose Thy servant.
8. God is mindful of his exile and remembers
his tears. The custom of bottling the tears of mourners as a
memorial, which has existed in some Eastern nations, may explain the
9. God is for me—or, "on my side" (Ps 118:6;
124:1, 2); hence he is sure
of the repulse of his foes.
12. I will render praises—will pay what
I have vowed.
13. The question implies an affirmative
answer, drawn from past experience.
falling—as from a precipice.
before God—in His favor during