Ps 50:1-23. In the grandeur and solemnity of a
divine judgment, God is introduced as instructing men in the nature of
true worship, exposing hypocrisy, warning the wicked, and encouraging
1-4. The description of this majestic
appearance of God resembles that of His giving the law (compare Ex
19:16; 20:18; De 32:1).
4. above—literally, "above" (Ge 1:7).
heavens … earth—For all
creatures are witnesses (De 4:26; 30:19; Isa 1:2).
5. my saints—(Ps 4:3).
a covenant, &c.—alluding to the
dividing of a victim of sacrifice, by which covenants were ratified,
the parties passing between the divided portions (compare Ge 15:10, 18).
6. The inhabitants of heaven, who well know
God's character, attest His righteousness as a judge.
7. I will testify—that is, for failure
to worship aught.
thy God—and so, by covenant as well as
creation, entitled to a pure worship.
8-15. However scrupulous in external worship,
it was offered as if they conferred an obligation in giving God His
own, and with a degrading view of Him as needing it [Ps 50:9-13]. Reproving them for such foolish
and blasphemous notions, He teaches them to offer, or literally,
"sacrifice," thanksgiving, and pay, or perform, their vows—that
is, to bring, with the external symbolical service, the homage of the
heart, and faith, penitence, and love. To this is added an invitation
to seek, and a promise to afford, all needed help in trouble.
16-20. the wicked—that is, the
formalists, as now exposed, and who lead vicious lives (compare Ro 2:21,
23). They are unworthy to use
even the words of God's law. Their hypocrisy and vice are exposed by
illustrations from sins against the seventh, eighth, and ninth
21, 22. God, no longer (even in appearance)
disregarding such, exposes their sins and threatens a terrible
22. forget God—This denotes
unmindfulness of His true character.
23. offereth praise—(Ps 50:14), so that the external worship is a true
index of the heart.
ordereth … aright—acts in a
straight, right manner, opposed to turning aside (Ps 25:5). In such, pure worship and a pure life
evince their true piety, and they will enjoy God's presence and