The character and condition, and the present and future destiny, of the
pious and the wicked are described and contrasted, teaching that true
piety is the source of ultimate happiness, and sin of misery. As this
is a summary of the teachings of the whole book, this Psalm, whether
designedly so placed or not, forms a suitable preface.
1. Blessed—literally, "oh, the
happiness"—an exclamation of strong emotion, as if resulting from
reflecting on the subject. The use of the plural may denote fulness and
counsel … way … seat—With
their corresponding verbs, mark gradations of evil, as acting on the
principles, cultivating the society, and permanently conforming to the
conduct of the wicked, who are described by three terms, of which the
last is indicative of the boldest impiety (compare Ps 26:4, 5;
2. law—all of God's word then written,
especially the books of Moses (compare Ps 119:1, 55, 97, &c.).
3. like a tree—(Jer 17:7, 8).
the rivers—canals for irrigation.
shall prosper—literally, "make
prosper," brings to perfection. The basis of this condition and
character is given (Ps 32:1).
4. not so—either as to conduct or
like the chaff—which, by Eastern modes
of winnowing against the wind, was utterly blown away.
5. stand in the judgment—be acquitted.
They shall be driven from among the good (Mt 25:45, 46).
6. knoweth the way—attends to and
provides for them (Ps 101:6; Pr 12:10; Ho 13:5).
way of the wicked—All their plans will
end in disappointment and ruin (Ps 37:13; 146:8; Pr