Ps 137:1-9. This Psalm records the mourning of the
captive Israelites, and a prayer and prediction respecting the
destruction of their enemies.
1. rivers of Babylon—the name of the
city used for the whole country.
remembered Zion—or, Jerusalem, as in
2. upon the willows—which may have grown
there then, if not now; as the palm, which was once common, is now rare
3, 4. Whether the request was in curiosity or
derision, the answer intimates that a compliance was incongruous with
their mournful feelings (Pr 25:20).
5, 6. For joyful songs would imply
forgetfulness of their desolated homes and fallen Church. The solemn
imprecations on the hand and tongue, if thus forgetful,
relate to the cunning or skill in playing, and the power of
7-9. Remember … the children of
Edom—(Compare Ps 132:1),
that is, to punish.
the day of Jerusalem—its downfall
(La 4:21, 22; Ob 11-13).
8. daughter of Babylon—the people (Ps 9:13). Their destruction had been
abundantly foretold (Isa 13:14; Jer 51:23). For the terribleness of that
destruction, God's righteous judgment, and not the passions of the
chafed Israelites, was responsible.