Ps 148:1-14. The scope of this Psalm is the same as
that of the preceding.
1. heavens [and] heights—are
2. hosts—(compare Ps 103:21).
4. heavens of heavens—the very
waters—clouds, resting above the
visible heavens (compare Ge 1:7).
5. praise the name—as representing His
he commanded—"He" is emphatic,
ascribing creation to God alone.
6. The perpetuity of the frame of nature is,
of course, subject to Him who formed it.
a decree … pass—His ordinances
respecting them shall not change (Jer 36:31), or perish (Job 34:20; Ps
7-10. The call on the earth, as opposed to
heaven, includes seas or depths, whose inhabitants the
dragon, as one of the largest (on leviathan, see on Ps 104:26), is selected to represent. The most
destructive and ungovernable agents of inanimate nature are
8. fulfilling his word—or, law, may be
understood of each. Next the most distinguished productions of the
9. fruitful trees—or, "trees of fruit,"
as opposed to forest trees. Wild and domestic, large and small animals
11, 12. Next all rational beings, from the
highest in rank to little children.
princes—or, military leaders.
13. Let them—all mentioned.
excellent—or, exalted (Isa 12:4).
his glory—majesty (Ps 45:3).
above the earth and heaven—Their
united splendors fail to match His.
14. exalteth the horn—established power
praise of—or literally, "for"
his saints—that is, occasions for them
to praise Him. They are further described as "His people," and "near
unto Him," sustaining by covenanted care a peculiarly intimate