Ps 109:1-31. The writer complains of his virulent
enemies, on whom he imprecates God's righteous punishment, and to a
prayer for a divine interposition in his behalf appends the expression
of his confidence and a promise of his praises. This Psalm is
remarkable for the number and severity of its imprecations. Its evident
typical character (compare Ps 109:8)
justifies the explanation of these already given, that as the language
of David respecting his own enemies, or those of Christ, it has respect
not to the penitent, but to the impenitent and implacable foes of good
men, and of God and His cause, whose inevitable fate is thus indicated
by inspired authority.
1. God of my praise—its object, thus
recognizing God as a certain helper. Be not silent (compare
2. For the mouth … opened—or,
"They have opened a wicked mouth"
against me—literally, "with me," that
is, Their intercourse is lying, or, they slander me to my face (Mt 26:59).
3. (Compare Ps 35:7; 69:4).
4, 5. They return evil for good (compare Ps
27:12; Pr 17:13).
I give myself unto prayer—or
literally, "I (am) prayer," or, "as for me, prayer," that is, it is my
resource for comfort in distress.
6. over him—one of his enemies prominent
in malignity (Ps 55:12).
let Satan stand—as an accuser, whose
place was the right hand of the accused (Zec 3:1, 2).
7. The condemnation is aggravated when prayer
for relief is treated as a sin.
8. The opposite blessing is long life (Ps 91:16;
Pr 3:2). The last clause is
quoted as to Judas by Peter (Ac 1:20).
Septuagint, and Peter, "oversight" [1Pe 5:2].
9, 10. Let his family share the punishment,
his children be as wandering beggars to prowl in their desolate homes,
a greedy and relentless creditor grasp his substance, his labor, or the
fruit of it, enure to strangers and not his heirs, and his unprotected,
fatherless children fall in want, so that his posterity shall utterly
13. posterity—literally, "end," as in
37:38, or, what comes after;
that is, reward, or success, or its expectation, of which posterity was
to a Jew a prominent part.
14, 15. Let the iniquity of his fathers be
remembered, &c.—Added to the terrible overthrow following
his own sin, let there be the imputation of his parents' guilt, that it
may now come before God, for His meting out its full consequences, in
cutting off the memory of them (that is, the parents) from the earth
16. Let God remember guilt, because he (the
wicked) did not remember mercy.
poor and needy … broken in
heart—that is, pious sufferer (Ps 34:18; 35:10; 40:17).
17-19. Let his loved sin, cursing, come upon
him in punishment (Ps 35:8),
thoroughly fill him as water and oil, permeating to every part of his
system (compare Nu 5:22-27), and become a garment and a girdle for
a perpetual dress.
20. Let this … reward—or, "wages,"
pay for labor, the fruit of the enemy's wickedness.
from the Lord—as His judicial act.
21, 22. do … for me—that is,
wounded—literally, "pierced" (Ps 69:16,
23. like the shadow—(Compare Ps 102:11).
tossed up and down—or, "driven" (Ex 10:19).
24, 25. Taunts and reproaches aggravate his
afflicted and feeble state (Ps 22:6, 7).
26, 27. Let my deliverance glorify Thee
28-31. In confidence that God's blessing would
come on him, and confusion and shame on his enemies (Ps 73:13), he ceases to regard their curses, and
anticipates a season of joyful and public thanksgiving; for God is near
to protect (Ps 16:8; 34:6) the poor from all unrighteous judges
who may condemn him.