Jotham, Reigning Well, Prospers.
1. Jotham was twenty and five years
old—(See on 2Ki 15:32-35).
His mother's name … Jerushah, the daughter
of Zadok—or descendant of the famous priest of that name
2. he did that which was right—The
general rectitude of his government is described by representing it as
conducted on the excellent principles which had guided the early part
of his father's reign.
the people did yet corruptly—(See
15:35); but the description
here is more emphatic, that though Jotham did much to promote the good
of his kingdom and aimed at a thorough reformation in religion, the
widespread and inveterate wickedness of the people frustrated all his
3. He built the high gate of the house of the
Lord—situated on the north—that portion of the temple
hill which was high compared with the southern part—hence "the
higher," or upper gate (see on 2Ki 15:35). He
built, that is, repaired or embellished.
and on the wall of
Ophel—Hebrew, "the Ophel," that is, the mound, or
eminence on the southeastern slope of the temple mount, a ridge lying
between the valleys Kedron and Tyropœon, called "the lower city"
built much—having the same desire as
his father to secure the defense of Jerusalem in every direction.
4. in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests
he built castles and towers—that is, in the elevated and
wooded spots where fortified cities could not be placed, he erected
castles and towers.
He Subdues the Ammonites.
5. He fought also with the king of the
Ammonites—This invasion he not only repelled, but, pursuing
the Ammonites into their own territory, he imposed on them a yearly
tribute, which, for two years, they paid. But when Rezin, king of
Syria, and Pekah, king of Israel, combined to attack the kingdom of
Judah, they took the opportunity of revolting, and Jotham was too
distracted by other matters to attempt the reconquest (see on 2Ki 15:37).