2. cities which Huram had restored … Solomon
built them, &c.—These cities lay in the northwest of
Galilee. Though included within the limits of the promised land, they
had never been conquered. The right of occupying them Solomon granted
to Huram, who, after consideration, refused them as unsuitable to the
commercial habits of his subjects (see on 1Ki
9:11). Solomon, having wrested them from the possession of the
Canaanite inhabitants, repaired them and filled them with a colony of
3-6. And Solomon went to
Hamath-zobah—Hamath was on the Orontes, in Cœle-Syria.
Its king, Toi, had been the ally of David; but from the combination,
Hamath and Zobah, it would appear that some revolution had taken place
which led to the union of these two petty kingdoms of Syria into one.
For what cause the resentment of Solomon was provoked against it, we
are not informed, but he sent an armed force which reduced it. He made
himself master also of Tadmor, the famous Palmyra in the same region.
Various other cities along the frontiers of his extended dominions he
repaired and fitted up, either to serve as store-places for the
furtherance of his commercial enterprises, or to secure his kingdom
from foreign invasion (see on 2Ch 1:14; 1Ki 9:15).
The Canaanites Made Tributaries.
7. all the people that were left,
&c.—The descendants of the Canaanites who remained in the
country were treated as war prisoners, being obliged to "pay tribute or
to serve as galley slaves" (2Ch 2:18),
while the Israelites were employed in no works but such as were of an
10. two hundred and fifty that bare
rule—(Compare 1Ki 9:23). It
is generally agreed that the text of one of these passages is
11. Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out
of the city of David unto the house that he had built for
her—On his marriage with the Egyptian princess at the
beginning of his reign, he assigned her a temporary abode in the city
of David, that is, Jerusalem, until a suitable palace for his wife had
been erected. While that palace was in progress, he himself lodged in
the palace of David, but he did not allow her to occupy it, because he
felt that she being a heathen proselyte, and having brought from her
own country an establishment of heathen maid-servants, there would have
been an impropriety in her being domiciled in a mansion which was or
had been hallowed by the reception of the ark. It seems she was
received on her arrival into his mother's abode (So 3:4; 8:2).
2Ch 8:15-18. Solomon's
15. they departed not from the commandment of the
king—that is, David, in any of his ordinances, which by
divine authority he established.
unto the priests and Levites concerning any
matter, or concerning the treasures—either in regulating the
courses of the priests and Levites, or in the destination of his
accumulated treasures to the construction and adornment of the
17. Then went Solomon to Ezion-geber, and to
Eloth—These two maritime ports were situated at the eastern
gulf of the Red Sea, now called the Gulf of Akaba. Eloth is seen in the
modern Akaba, Ezion-geber in El Gudyan [Robinson]. Solomon, determined to cultivate the arts
of peace, was sagacious enough to perceive that his kingdom could
become great and glorious only by encouraging a spirit of commercial
enterprise among his subjects; and, accordingly, with that in mind he
made a contract with Huram for ships and seamen to instruct his people
18. Huram sent him … ships—either
sent him ship-men, able seamen, overland; or, taking the word
"sent" in a looser sense, supplied him, that is, built
him ships—namely, in docks at Eloth (compare 1Ki 9:26, 27). This navy of Solomon was manned
by Tyrians, for Solomon had no seamen capable of performing distant
expeditions. The Hebrew fishermen, whose boats plied on the Sea of
Tiberias or coasted the shores of the Mediterranean, were not equal to
the conducting of large vessels laden with valuable cargoes on long
voyages and through the wide and unfrequented ocean.
four hundred and fifty talents of
gold—(Compare 1Ki 9:28).
The text in one of these passages is corrupt.