David Exhorts the People to Fear
1. David assembled all the princes of
Israel—that is, the representatives of the people, the
leading men of the kingdom, who are enumerated in this verse according
to their respective rank or degree of authority.
princes of the tribes—(1Ch 27:16-22). Those patriarchal chiefs are
mentioned first as being the highest in rank—a sort of hereditary
the captains of the companies—the
twelve generals mentioned (1Ch 27:1-15).
the stewards, &c.—(1Ch 27:25-31).
the officers—Hebrew, "eunuchs,"
or attendants on the court (1Sa 8:15; 1Ki 22:9; 2Ki 22:18); and besides Joab, the
commander-in-chief of the army, the heroes who had no particular office
(1Ch 11:10-12:40; 2Sa 23:8-39). This assembly, a very mixed and
general one, as appears from the parties invited, was more numerous and
entirely different from that mentioned (1Ch 23:2).
2. Hear me, my brethren, and my
people—This was the style of address becoming a
constitutional king of Israel (De 17:20; 1Sa 30:23; 2Sa
I had in mine heart—I proposed, or
to build an house of rest—a solid and
for the footstool of our God—God
seated between the cherubim, at the two extremities of the ark, might
be said to be enthroned in His glory, and the coverlet of the ark to be
and had made ready for the
building—The immense treasures which David had amassed and
the elaborate preparations he had made, would have been amply
sufficient for the erection of the temple of which he presented the
model to Solomon.
3. thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed
blood—The church or spiritual state of the world, of which
the temple at Jerusalem was to be a type, would be presided over by One
who was to be pre-eminently the Prince of Peace, and therefore would be
represented not so fitly by David, whose mission had been a preparatory
one of battle and conquest, as by his son, who should reign in unbroken
4, 5. he hath chosen Solomon—The spirit
of David's statement is this:—It was not my ambition, my valor,
or my merit that led to the enthronement of myself and family; it was
the grace of God which chose the tribe, the family, the
person—myself in the first instance, and now Solomon, to whom, as
the Lord's anointed, you are all bound to submit. Like that of Christ,
of whom he was a type, the appointment of Solomon to the kingdom above
all his brethren was frequently pre-intimated (1Ch 17:12; 22:9; 2Sa 7:12-14; 12:24, 25; 1Ki 1:13).
7. I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be
constant to do my commandments—The same condition is set
before Solomon by God (1Ki 3:14; 9:4).
8. Now … in the sight of all Israel, …
keep and seek for all the commandments of the Lord,
&c.—This solemn and earnest exhortation to those present, and
to all Israel through their representatives, to continue faithful in
observing the divine law as essential to their national prosperity and
permanence, is similar to that of Moses (De 30:15-20).
1Ch 28:9-20. He Encourages
Solomon to Build the Temple.
9, 10. And thou, Solomon my son—The
royal speaker now turns to Solomon, and in a most impressive manner
presses upon him the importance of sincere and practical piety.
know thou—He did not mean head
knowledge, for Solomon possessed that already, but that experimental
acquaintance with God which is only to be obtained by loving and
11. Then David gave to Solomon … the
pattern—He now put into the hands of his son and successor
the plan or model of the temple, with the elevations, measurements,
apartments, and chief articles of furniture, all of which were designed
according to the pattern given him by divine revelation (1Ch 28:19).
12. the pattern of all that he had by the
spirit—rather, "with him in spirit"; that is, was floating in
15, 16. the candlesticks of
silver—Solomon made them all of gold—in this and a few
minor particulars departing from the letter of his father's
instructions, where he had the means of executing them in a more
splendid style. There was only one candlestick and one table in the
tabernacle, but ten in the temple.
18, 19. the chariot of the cherubim—The
expanded wings of the cherubim formed what was figuratively styled the
throne of God, and as they were emblematical of rapid motion, the
throne or seat was spoken of as a chariot (Ps 18:10;
99:1). It is quite clear that
in all these directions David was not guided by his own taste, or by a
desire for taking any existing model of architecture, but solely by a
regard to the express revelation of the divine will. In a vision, or
trance, the whole edifice, with its appurtenances, had been placed
before his eyes so vividly and permanently, that he had been able to
take a sketch of them in the models delivered to Solomon.
20. Be strong and of good courage—The
address begun in 1Ch 28:9 is
resumed and concluded in the same strain.
21. behold, the courses of the priests and
Levites—They were, most probably, represented in this
assembly though they are not named.
also the princes and all the
people—that is, as well the skilful, expert, and zealous
artisan, as the workman who needs to be directed in all his labors.