David Causes the Princes and People to Offer
for the House of God.
1, 2. Solomon … is yet young and
tender—Though Solomon was very young when he was raised to
the sovereign power, his kingdom escaped the woe pronounced (Ec 10:16). Mere childhood in a prince is
not always a misfortune to a nation, as there are instances of the
government being wisely administered during a minority. Solomon himself
is a most illustrious proof that a young prince may prove a great
blessing; for when he was but a mere child, with respect to his age, no
nation was happier. His father, however, made this address before
Solomon was endowed with the divine gift of wisdom, and David's
reference to his son's extreme youth, in connection with the great
national undertaking he had been divinely appointed to execute, was to
apologize to this assembly of the estates—or, rather, to assign
the reason of his elaborate preparations for the work.
3, 4. Moreover … I have of mine own proper
good, &c.—In addition to the immense amount of gold and
silver treasure which David had already bequeathed for various uses in
the service of the temple, he now made an additional contribution
destined to a specific purpose—that of overlaying the walls of
the house. This voluntary gift was from the private fortune of the
royal donor, and had been selected with the greatest care. The gold was
"the gold of Ophir," then esteemed the purest and finest in the world
(Job 22:24; 28:16; Isa 13:12). The amount was three thousand talents
of gold and seven thousand talents of refined silver.
5. who then is willing to consecrate his
service—Hebrew, "fill his hand"; that is, make an
offering (Ex 32:29; Le 8:33; 1Ki 13:33). The meaning is, that whoever would
contribute voluntarily, as he had done, would be offering a freewill
offering to the Lord. It was a sacrifice which every one of them could
make, and in presenting which the offerer himself would be the priest.
David, in asking freewill offerings for the temple, imitated the
conduct of Moses in reference to the tabernacle (Ex 25:1-8).
6-8. Then the chief of the fathers—or
heads of the fathers (1Ch 24:31; 27:1).
princes of the tribes—(1Ch 27:16-22).
rulers of the king's work—those who
had charge of the royal demesnes and other possessions (1Ch 27:25-31).
offered willingly—Influenced by the
persuasive address and example of the king, they acted according to
their several abilities, and their united contributions amounted to the
gross sum—of gold 5,000 talents and 10,000 drams; and of silver,
10,000 talents, besides brass and iron.
7. drams—rather, darics, a
Persian coin, with which the Jews from the time of the captivity became
familiar, and which was afterwards extensively circulated in the
countries of Western Asia. It is estimated as equal in value to
25s. of British currency.
of brass eighteen thousand talents, and one
hundred thousand talents of iron—In Scripture, iron is always
referred to as an article of comparatively low value, and of greater
abundance and cheaper than bronze [Napier].
8. and they with whom precious stones were
found—rather, "whatever was found along with it of precious
stones they gave" [Bertheau]. These
gifts were deposited in the hands of Jehiel, whose family was charged
with the treasures of the house of the Lord (1Ch 26:21).
1Ch 29:10-25. His
10-19. Wherefore David blessed the
Lord—This beautiful thanksgiving prayer was the effusion
overflowing with gratitude and delight at seeing the warm and
widespread interest that was now taken in forwarding the favorite
project of his life. Its piety is displayed in the fervor of devotional
feeling—in the ascription of all worldly wealth and greatness to
God as the giver, in tracing the general readiness in contributing to
the influence of His grace, in praying for the continuance of this
happy disposition among the people, and in solemnly and earnestly
commending the young king and his kingdom to the care and blessing of
16. all this store that we have
prepared—It may be useful to exhibit a tabular view of the
treasure laid up and contributions stated by the historian as already
made towards the erection of the proposed temple. Omitting the brass
and iron, and precious stones, which, though specified partly (1Ch 29:7), are represented in other
portions as "without weight" (1Ch 22:3, 14), we shall give in this table only the
amount of gold and silver; and taking the talent of gold as worth
£5475 (the talent being 125 pounds in weight), the value of the
gold will be about 73s. per ounce. The talent of silver is given
at £342 3s. 9d., or 4s. 4½d. per
ounce. The total amount of the contributions will be:
Though it has been the common practice of Eastern monarchs to hoard
vast sums for the accomplishment of any contemplated project, this
amount so far exceeds not only every Oriental collection on record, but
even the bounds of probability, that it is very generally allowed that
either there is a corruption of the text in 1Ch 22:14, or that the reckoning of the historian
was by the Babylonian, which was only a half, or the Syrian, which was
only a fifth part, of the Hebrew talent. This would bring the Scripture
account more into accordance with the statements of Josephus, as well as within the range of
20. all the congregation … worshipped the
Lord, and the king—Though the external attitude might be the
same, the sentiments of which it was expressive were very different in
the two cases—of divine worship in the one, of civil homage in
21, 22. they sacrificed … And did eat and
drink—After the business of the assembly was over, the
people, under the exciting influence of the occasion, still remained,
and next day engaged in the performance of solemn rites, and afterwards
feasted on the remainder of the sacrifices.
22. before the Lord—either in the
immediate vicinity of the ark, or, perhaps, rather in a religious and
devout spirit, as partaking of a sacrificial meal.
made Solomon … king the second
time—in reference to the first time, which was done
precipitately on Adonijah's conspiracy (1Ki 1:35).
they … anointed …
Zadok—The statement implies that his appointment met the
popular approval. His elevation as sole high priest was on the disgrace
of Abiathar, one of Adonijah's accomplices.
23. Solomon sat on the throne of the
Lord—As king of Israel, he was the Lord's vicegerent.
24. submitted themselves—Hebrew,
"put their hands under Solomon," according to the custom still
practised in the East of putting a hand under the king's extended hand
and kissing the back of it (2Ki 10:15).
1Ch 29:26-30. His Reign and
26. Thus David … reigned—(See