1Ch 18:1, 2. David Subdues
the Philistines and Moabites.
1. David … took Gath and her
towns—The full extent of David's conquests in the Philistine
territory is here distinctly stated, whereas in the parallel passage
8:1) it was only described in
a general way. Gath was the "Metheg-ammah," or "arm-bridle," as it is
there called—either from its supremacy as the capital over the
other Philistine towns, or because, in the capture of that important
place and its dependencies, he obtained the complete control of his
2. he smote Moab—The terrible severities
by which David's conquest of that people was marked, and the probable
reason of their being subjected to such a dreadful retribution, are
narrated (2Sa 8:2).
the Moabites … brought
gifts—that is, became tributary to Israel.
1Ch 18:3-17. David Smites
Hadadezer and the Syrians.
3. Hadarezer—or, "Hadadezer" (2Sa 8:3), which was probably the original
form of the name, was derived from Hadad, a Syrian deity. It seems to
have become the official and hereditary title of the rulers of that
Zobah—Its situation is determined by
the words "unto" or "towards Hamath," a little to the northeast of
Damascus, and is supposed by some to be the same place as in earlier
times was called Hobah (Ge 14:15).
Previous to the rise of Damascus, Zobah was the capital of the kingdom
which held supremacy among the petty states of Syria.
as he went to stablish his dominion by the river
Euphrates—Some refer this to David, who was seeking to extend
his possessions in one direction towards a point bordering on the
Euphrates, in accordance with the promise (Ge 15:18; Nu
24:17). But others are of
opinion that, as David's name is mentioned (1Ch 18:4), this reference is most applicable to
4-8. And David took from him a thousand
chariots—(See on 2Sa 8:3-14). In 2Sa 8:4 David is said to have taken seven
hundred horsemen, whereas here it is said that he took seven thousand.
This great discrepancy in the text of the two narratives seems to have
originated with a transcriber in confounding the two Hebrew letters
which indicate the numbers, and in neglecting to mark or obscure the
points over one of them. We have no means of ascertaining whether seven
hundred or seven thousand be the more correct. Probably the former
should be adopted [Davidson's
but reserved of them an hundred
chariots—probably to grace a triumphal procession on his
return to Jerusalem, and after using them in that way, destroy them
like the rest.
8. from Tibhath and from Chun—These
places are called Betah and Berothai (2Sa 8:8). Perhaps the one might be the Jewish,
the other the Syrian, name of these towns. Neither their situation nor
the connection between them is known. The Arabic version makes them to
be Emesa (now Hems) and Baal-bek, both of which agree very well with
the relative position of Zobah.
9-13. Tou—or Toi—whose dominions
border on those of Hadadezer. (See on 2Sa 8:9-12;
17. the Cherethites and the
Pelethites—who formed the royal bodyguard. The Cherethites
were, most probably, those brave men who all along accompanied David
while among the Philistines, and from that people derived their name
(1Sa 30:14; Eze 25:16; Zep 2:5) as well as their skill in
archery—while the Pelethites were those who joined him at Ziklag,
took their name from Pelet, the chief man in the company (1Ch 12:3), and, being Benjamites, were expert in
the use of the sling.