1Ch 14:1, 2. Hiram's
Kindness to David; David's Felicity.
1. Now Hiram king of Tyre—[See on 2Sa 5:11]. The alliance with this neighboring king,
and the important advantages derived from it, were among the most
fortunate circumstances in David's reign. The providence of God
appeared concurrent with His promise in smoothing the early course of
his reign. Having conquered the Jebusites and made Zion the royal
residence, he had now, along with internal prosperity, established an
advantageous treaty with a neighboring prince; and hence, in immediate
connection with the mention of this friendly league, it is said, "David
perceived that the Lord had confirmed him king over Israel."
2. his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of
his people Israel—This is an important truth, that sovereigns
are invested with royal honor and authority, not for their own sakes so
much as for that of their people. But while it is true of all kings, it
was especially applicable to the monarchs of Israel, and even David was
made to know that all his glory and greatness were given only to fit
him, as the minister of God, to execute the divine purposes towards the
3. David took more wives at
Jerusalem—(See on 2Sa 3:5). His
concubines are mentioned (1Ch 3:9),
where also is given a list of his children (1Ch 14:5-8), and those born in Jerusalem
5:14-16). In that, however,
the names of Eliphalet and Nogah do not occur, and Beeliada appears to
be the same as Eliada.
1Ch 14:8-17. His Victories
over the Philistines.
8. all the Philistines went up to seek
David—in the hope of accomplishing his ruin (for so the
phrase is used, 1Sa 23:15; 24:2, 3) before his throne was consolidated.
Their hostility arose, both from a belief that his patriotism would
lead him, ere long, to wipe out the national dishonor at Gilboa, and by
fear, that in any invasion of their country, his thorough knowledge of
their weak points would give him superior advantages. They resolved,
therefore, to surprise and crush him before he was fairly seated on his
11. they came up to Baal-perazim; and David smote
them there—In an engagement fought at Mount Perazim (Isa 28:21), in the valley of Rephaim, a few
miles west of Jerusalem, the Philistines were defeated and put to
12. when they had left their gods—(See
on 2Sa 5:21).
13. the Philistines yet again spread
themselves—They renewed the campaign the next season, taking
the same route. David, according to divine directions, did not confront
14. Go not up after them—The text in
5:23, more correctly has, "Go
turn away from them—that is, by
stealing round a baca-grove, come upon their rear.
15. for God is gone forth before thee—"a
sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees," that is, the
rustling of the leaves by a strong breeze suddenly rising, was the sign
by which David was divinely apprised of the precise moment for the
attack. The impetuosity of his onset was like the gush of a pent-up
torrent, which sweeps away all in its course; and in allusion to this
incident the place got its name.
16. from Gibeon … to Gazer—Geba or
5:25), now Yefa, in the
province of Judah. The line from this to Gazer was intersected by the
roads which led from Judah to the cities of the Philistines. To recover
possession of it, therefore, as was effected by this decisive battle,
was equivalent to setting free the whole mountain region of Judah as
far as their most westerly slope [Bertheau].