Line of the Priests.
5. Uzzi—It is supposed that, in his
days, the high priesthood was, for unrecorded reasons, transferred from
Eleazar's family to Ithamar's, in which it continued for several
10. he it is that executed the priest's office in
the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem—It is doubtful
whether the person in favor of whom this testimony is borne be Johanan
or Azariah. If the former, he is the same as Jehoiada, who rendered
important public services (2Ki 11:1-20); if the latter, it refers to the worthy
and independent part he acted in resisting the unwarrantable
encroachments of Uzziah (2Ch 26:17).
in the temple that Solomon built in
Jerusalem—described in this particular manner to distinguish
it from the second temple, which was in existence at the time when this
history was written.
14. Azariah begat Seraiah—He filled the
supreme pontifical office at the destruction of Jerusalem, and, along
with his deputy and others, he was executed by Nebuchadnezzar's orders
at Riblah (2Ki 25:18, 21). The line of high priests, under the
first temple, which from Zadok amounted to twelve, terminated with
16-48. The sons of Levi; Gershom,
&c.—This repetition (see 1Ch 6:1) is made, as the historian here begins
to trace the genealogy of the Levitical families who were not priests.
The list is a long one, comprising the chiefs or heads of their several
families until David's reign, who made a new and different
classification of them by courses.
20. Zimmah his son—his grandson (1Ch 6:42).
24. Uriel—or Zephaniah (1Ch 6:36).
27. Elkanah—the father of the prophet
28. the sons of Samuel—The sons of
Samuel are here named Vashni and Abiah. The first-born is called Joel
8:2); and this name is given
to him in 1Ch 6:33. It
is now generally thought by the best critics that, through an error of
the copyists, an omission has been made of the oldest son's name, and
that Vashni, which is not the name of a person, merely signifies "and
the second." This critical emendation of the text makes all clear, as
well as consistent with other passages relating to the family of
32. before the dwelling-place,
&c.—that is, in the tent which David had erected for
receiving the ark after it was removed from the house of Obed-edom
6:17]. This was a
considerable time before the temple was built.
they waited on their office according to their
order—which David, doubtless by the direction of the Holy
Spirit, had instituted for the better regulation of divine worship.
33. Shemuel—that is, Samuel. This is the
exact representation of the Hebrew name.
39. his brother Asaph—They were brothers
naturally, both being descended from Levi, as well as officially, both
being of the Levitical order.
42. Ethan—or Jeduthun (1Ch 9:16; 2Ch
48. Their brethren also the Levites were appointed
unto all manner of service—Those of them who were endowed
with musical tastes and talents were employed in various other
departments of the temple service.
1Ch 6:49-81. Office of Aaron
and His Sons.
49. But Aaron and his sons offered,
&c.—The office and duties of the high priests having been
already described, the names of those who successively filled that
important office are recorded.
60. thirteen cities—No more than eleven
are named here; but two additional ones are mentioned (Jos 21:16, 17), which makes up the thirteen.
61. unto the sons of Kohath, which were
left—that is, in addition to the priests belonging to the
same family and tribe of Levi.
by lot, ten cities—(Jos 21:26). The sacred historian gives an
explanation (1Ch 6:66).
Eight of these are mentioned, but only two of them are taken out of the
half tribe of Manasseh (1Ch 6:70).
The names of the other two are given (Jos 21:21), where full and detailed notices of
these arrangements may be found.
62. to the sons of Gershom—Supply "the
children of Israel gave."
67-81. they gave unto them of the cities of
refuge—The names of the cities given here are considerably
different from those applied to them (Jos 21:13-19). In the lapse of centuries, and from
the revolutions of society, changes might have been expected to take
place in the form or dialectic pronunciation of the names of those
cities; and this will sufficiently account for the variations that are
found in the lists as enumerated here and in an earlier book. As to
these cities themselves that were assigned to the Levites, they were
widely remote and separated—partly in fulfilment of Jacob's
49:7), and partly that the
various districts of the country might obtain a competent supply of
teachers who might instruct the people in the knowledge, and animate
them to the observance, of a law which had so important a bearing on
the promotion both of their private happiness and their national