Sons of David.
1-3. Now these were the sons of David, which were
born unto him in Hebron—It is of consequence for the proper
understanding of events in the domestic history of David, to bear in
mind the place and time of his sons' birth. The oldest son, born
after his father's accession to the sovereign authority,
is according to Eastern notions, the proper heir to the throne. And
hence the natural aspirations of ambition in Ammon, who was long
unaware of the alienation of the crown, and could not be easily
reconciled to the claims of a younger brother being placed above his
own (see on 2Sa 3:1-5).
3. Eglah his wife—supposed to be another
name of Michal, who, though she had no son after her mockery of David
for dancing before the ark [2Sa 6:16, 20], might have had one previous to that
time. She has the title of wife appended to her name because she was
his proper wife; and the mention of her name last probably arose from
the circumstance that, having been withdrawn from David and married to
another husband but afterwards restored, she had in reality become the
last of his wives.
5. four, of Bath-shua the daughter of
Ammiel—or, "Bath-sheba" (2Sa 11:3), and there her father is called
"Eliam." Of course Solomon was not her "only son," but he is called so
(Pr 4:3) from the distinguished affection
of which he was the object; and though the oldest, he is named the last
of Bath-sheba's children.
6. Elishama and Eliphelet—Two sons of
the same name are twice mentioned (1Ch 3:8). They were the children of different
mothers, and had probably some title or epithet appended by which the
one was distinguished from the other. Or, it might be, that the former
two were dead, and their names had been given to sons afterwards born
to preserve their memories.
8. nine—The number of David's sons born
after his removal to Jerusalem, was eleven (2Sa 5:14), but only nine are mentioned here: two
of them being omitted, either in consequence of their early deaths or
because they left no issue.
1Ch 3:10-16. His Line to
10. Solomon's son was Rehoboam,
&c.—David's line is here drawn down to the captivity, through
a succession of good and bad, but still influential and celebrated,
monarchs. It has rarely happened that a crown has been transmitted from
father to son, in lineal descent, for seventeen reigns. But this was
the promised reward of David's piety. There is, indeed, observable some
vacillation towards the close of this period—the crown passing
from one brother to another, an even from uncle to nephew—a sure
sign of disorderly times and a disjointed government.
15. Zedekiah—called the son of Josiah
(compare Jer 1:3; 37:1), but in 2Ch 36:19 he is described as the brother of
Jehoiachin, who was the son of Jehoiakim, and consequently the
grandson of Josiah. Words expressive of affinity or relationship
are used with great latitude in the Hebrew.
Shallum—No king of this name is
mentioned in the history of Josiah's sons (2Ki 14:1-29;
23:1-37), but there is a
notice of Shallum the son of Josiah (Jer 22:11), who reigned in the stead of his
father, and who is generally supposed to be Jehoahaz, a younger son,
here called the fourth, of Josiah.
1Ch 3:17-24. Successors of
17. the sons of Jeconiah; Assir—rather,
"Jeconiah the prisoner," or "captive." This record of his condition was
added to show that Salathiel was born during the captivity in Babylon
1:12). Jeconiah was written
childless (Jer 22:30),
a prediction which (as the words that follow explain) meant that this
unfortunate monarch should have no son succeeding him on the
18. Malchiram also—As far as Jeconiah,
everything is plain; but there is reason to suspect that the text in
the subsequent verses has been dislocated and disarranged. The object
of the sacred historian is to trace the royal line through Zerubbabel;
yet, according to the present reading, the genealogical stem cannot be
drawn from Jeconiah downwards. The following arrangement of the text is
given as removing all difficulties [Davidson, Hermeneutics]:—1Ch 3:17. And the sons of Jeconiah the the
captive, Salathiel (Shealtiel, Ezr 3:2; Ne 12:1;
Hag 1:12, 14; 2:2) his son.
3:18. And the sons of
Salathiel; Zerubbabel and Shimei; and the sons of Zerubbabel;
Meshullam, Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister. 1Ch 3:19. And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah,
and Hasadiah, Jushab-hezed. 1Ch 3:20. And
Malchiram, and Rephaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
3:21. The sons of Hananiah;
Pelatiah and Jesaiah; the sons of Rephaiah; his son Arnan, his son
Obadiah, his son Shecaniah.