Adam's Line to Noah.
1. Adam, &c.—"Begat" must be
understood. Only that one member of the family is mentioned, who came
in the direct order of succession.
4-23. Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth—The
three sons of this patriarch are enumerated, partly because they were
the founders of the new world, and partly because the fulfilment of
Noah's prophecy (Ge 9:25-27) could not otherwise appear to have been
12. Casluhim (of whom came the Philistines), and
Caphtorim—a better rendering is, "and Casluhim, of whom came
the Philistim and Caphtorim." They were brethren, the sons of Casluhim,
and at first dwelt together, whence their names are used
interchangeably. The Caphtorim are described as inhabiting Azzah, or
Gaza, the seat of the Philistines.
14-17. the Jebusite, &c.—At 1Ch
1:14-17 the names are not
those of individuals, but of people who all sprang from Canaan; and as
several of them became extinct or were amalgamated with their brethren,
their national appellations are given instead of the personal names of
17. Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and
Meshech—or, "Mash"; these were the children of Aram, and
grandsons of Shem (Ge 10:23).
18. Arphaxad begat Shelah—Cainan, the
father's name, is omitted here. (See Lu 3:36).
19. Peleg—(See on Ge
22. Ebal—or, "Obal" (Ge 10:28).
1Ch 1:24-28. Shem's Line to
24-27. Shem, &c.—This comprises a
list of ten, inclusive of Abraham.
1Ch 1:29-31. Sons of
29. These are their generations—the
heads of his twelve tribes. The great northern desert of Arabia,
including the entire neck, was colonized by these tribes; and if we can
recover, in the modern geography of this part of the country, Arab
tribes bearing the names of those patriarchs, that is, names
corresponding with those preserved in the original catalogue of
Scripture, we obtain at once so many evidences, not of mere similarity,
but of absolute identification [Forster].
Nebaioth—gave rise to the
Nabathæans of the classic, and the Beni Nabat of Oriental
Kedar—the Arab tribe, El Khedeyre, on
the coast of Hedgar.
Abdeel—Abdilla, the name of a tribe in
30. Dumah—Dumah and Tema, the great Arab
tribes of Beni Teman. Thus this writer [Historical Geography of
Arabia] traces the names of all the heads of the twelve tribes of
Ishmael as perpetuated in the clans or tribes of the Arabs in the
1Ch 1:32, 33. Sons of
32. sons of Keturah—These became
founders of nomadic tribes in the north of Arabia and Syria, as Midian
of the Midianites (Ge 36:35; Jud 6:2).
and Shuah—from whom Bildad sprang
1Ch 1:34-42. Posterity of
Abraham by Esau.
36. sons of Eliphaz—the tribe Adites, in
the center country of the Saracens, so called from his mother, Adah
Teman—gave rise to the land of Teman,
near the head of the Red Sea.
Omar—the tribe Beni-Amma, settled at
the northern point of Djebel Shera (Mount Seir).
Zephi—the tribe Dzaf.
Gatam—Katam, inhabited by the tribe Al
Saruat, or "people of Sarah."
Kenaz—the tribe Aenezes, a tribe whose
settlement lies in the neighborhood of Syria.
Amalek—the Beni Malak of Zohran, and
the Beni Maledj of the Shat el Arab.
37. Reuel—a powerful branch of the great
Aeneze tribe, the Rowalla Arabs.
Shammah—the great tribe Beni Shammar.
In the same way, the names of the other kings and dukes are traced in
the modern tribes of Arabia. But it is unnecessary to mention any more
of these obscure nomads, except to notice that Jobab (1Ch 1:44), one of the kings of Edom, is
considered to be Job, and that his seat was in the royal city of
Dinahab (Ge 36:32; 1Ch 1:43), identified with O'Daeb, a well-known
town in the center of Al Dahna, a great northern desert in the
direction of Chaldea and the Euphrates [Forster].