Saul Hearing That David Was Fled to Gath, Seeks
No More for Him.
1. David said in his heart, … there is
nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land
of the Philistines—This resolution of David's was, in every
respect, wrong: (1) It was removing him from the place where the divine
oracle intimated him to remain (1Sa 22:5); (2) It was rushing into the idolatrous
land, for driving him into which he had denounced an imprecation on his
enemies (1Sa 26:19);
(3) It was a withdrawal of his counsel and aid from God's people. It
was a movement, however, overruled by Providence to detach him from his
country and to let the disasters impending over Saul and his followers
be brought on by the Philistines.
2, 3. Achish, the son of Maoch, king of
Gath—The popular description of this king's family creates a
presumption that he was a different king from the reigning sovereign on
David's first visit to Gath. Whether David had received a special
invitation from him or a mere permission to enter his territories,
cannot be determined. It is probable that the former was the case. From
the universal notoriety given to the feud between Saul and David, which
had now become irreconcilable, it might appear to Achish good policy to
harbor him as a guest, and so the better pave the way for the hostile
measures against Israel which the Philistines were at this time
1Sa 27:5-12. David Begs
Ziklag of Achish.
5. let them give me a place in some town in the
country—It was a prudent arrangement on the part of David;
for it would prevent him being an object of jealous suspicion, or of
mischievous plots among the Philistines. It would place his followers
more beyond the risk of contamination by the idolatries of the court
and capital; and it would give him an opportunity of making reprisals
on the freebooting tribes that infested the common border of Israel and
6. Ziklag—Though originally assigned to
15:31), and subsequently to
19:5), this town had never
been possessed by the Israelites. It belonged to the Philistines, who
gave it to David.
8. David … went up, and invaded the
Geshurites—(See Jos 13:2).
and the Gezrites—or the Gerizi [Gesenius], (Jos 12:12), some Arab horde which had once
and the Amalekites—Part of the
district occupied by them lay on the south of the land of Israel (Jud 5:14;
10. Achish said, Whither have ye made a road
to-day?—that is, raid, a hostile excursion for seizing
cattle and other booty.
David said, Against the south of Judah, and
against the south of the Jerahmeelites—Jerahmeel was the
great-grandson of Judah, and his posterity occupied the southern
portion of that tribal domain.
the south of the Kenites—the posterity
of Jethro, who occupied the south of Judah (Jud 1:16; Nu
24:21). The deceit practised
upon his royal host and the indiscriminate slaughter committed, lest
any one should escape to tell the tale, exhibit an unfavorable view of
this part of David's history.