The Law of the Trespass Offering.
1. Likewise this is the law of the trespass
offering—This chapter is a continuation of the laws that were
to regulate the duty of the priests respecting the trespass offerings.
The same regulations obtained in this case as in the burnt
offerings—part was to be consumed on the altar, while the other
part was a perquisite of the priests—some fell exclusively to the
officiating minister, and was the fee for his services; others were the
common share of all the priestly order, who lived upon them as their
provision, and whose meetings at a common table would tend to promote
brotherly harmony and friendship.
8. the priest shall have to himself the skin of
the burnt offering which he hath offered—All the flesh and
the fat of the burnt offerings being consumed, nothing remained to the
priest but the skin. It has been thought that this was a patriarchal
usage, incorporated with the Mosaic law, and that the right of the
sacrificer to the skin of the victim was transmitted from the example
of Adam (see on Ge 3:21).
11-14. this is the law of the sacrifice of peace
offerings—Besides the usual accompaniments of other
sacrifices, leavened bread was offered with the peace offerings, as a
thanksgiving, such bread being common at feasts.
15-17. the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace
offerings … shall be eaten the same day that it is
offered—The flesh of the sacrifices was eaten on the day of
the offering or on the day following. But if any part of it remained
till the third day, it was, instead of being made use of, to be burned
with fire. In the East, butcher-meat is generally eaten the day it is
killed, and it is rarely kept a second day, so that as a prohibition
was issued against any of the flesh in the peace offerings being used
on the third day, it has been thought, not without reason, that this
injunction must have been given to prevent a superstitious notion
arising that there was some virtue or holiness belonging to it.
18. if any of the flesh of the sacrifice …
be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, neither
… imputed—The sacrifice will not be acceptable to God
nor profitable to him that offers it.
20. cut off from his people—that is,
excluded from the privileges of an Israelite—lie under a sentence
21. abominable unclean thing—Some copies
of the Bible read, "any reptile."
22-27. Ye shall eat no manner of
fat—(See on Le 3:17).
Le 7:28-38. The Priests'
29-34. He that offereth the sacrifice of his peace
offerings unto the Lord—In order to show that the sacrifice
was voluntary, the offerer was required to bring it with his own hands
to the priest. The breast having been waved to and fro in a solemn
manner as devoted to God, was given to the priests; it was assigned to
the use of their order generally, but the right shoulder was the
perquisite of the officiating priest.
35-38. This is the portion of the anointing of
Aaron—These verses contain a general summing up of the laws
which regulate the privileges and duties of the priests. The word
"anointing" is often used as synonymous with "office" or "dignity." So
that the "portion of the anointing of Aaron" probably means the
provision made for the maintenance of the high priest and the numerous
body of functionaries which composed the sacerdotal order.
in the day when he presented them to minister
unto the Lord, &c.—that is, from the day they approached
the Lord in the duties of their ministry.