Ex 38:1-31. Furniture of
1. the altar of burnt offering—The
repetitions are continued, in which may be traced the exact conformity
of the execution to the order.
8. laver of brass … of the looking glasses
of the women—The word mirrors should have been used,
as those implements, usually round, inserted into a handle of wood,
stone, or metal, were made of brass, silver, or bronze, highly polished
[Wilkinson]. It was customary for the
Egyptian women to carry mirrors with them to the temples; and whether
by taking the looking glasses of the Hebrew women Moses designed to put
it out of their power to follow a similar practice at the tabernacle,
or whether the supply of brass from other sources in the camp was
exhausted, it is interesting to learn how zealously and to a vast
extent they surrendered those valued accompaniments of the female
of the women assembling … at the
door—not priestesses but women of pious character and
influence, who frequented the courts of the sacred building (Lu 2:37), and whose parting with their
mirrors, like the cutting the hair of the Nazarites, was their
renouncing the world for a season [Hengstenberg].
9. the court—It occupied a space of one
hundred and fifty feet by seventy-five, and it was enclosed by curtains
of fine linen about eight feet high, suspended on brazen or copper
pillars. Those curtains were secured by rods fastened to the top, and
kept extended by being fastened to pins stuck in the ground.
10. hooks—The hooks of the pillars in
the court were for hanging up the carcasses of the sacrificial
beasts—those on the pillars at the entry of the tabernacle were
for hanging the sacerdotal robes and other things used in the
11. sockets—mortices or holes in which
the end of the pillars stood.
17. chapiters—or capitals of the
pillars, were wooden posts which ran along their top, to which were
attached the hooks for the hangings.
18. the height in the breadth—or, "in
the measure." The sense is that the hangings of the court gate, which
was twenty cubits wide, were of the same height as the hangings all
round the court [Wall].
21. This is the sum of the
tabernacle—Having completed his description of the component
parts of the tabernacle, the inspired historian digresses into a
statement respecting the gold and silver employed in it, the
computation being made according to an order of Moses—by the
Levites, under the direction of Ithamar, Aaron's youngest son.
24. twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and
thirty shekels—equivalent to £150,00 sterling.
25. the silver of them that were
numbered—603,550 men at half a shekel each would contribute
301,775 shekels; which at 2s. 4d. each, amounts to
£35,207 sterling. It may seem difficult to imagine how the
Israelites should be possessed of so much wealth in the desert; but it
should be remembered that they were enriched first by the spoils of the
Egyptians, and afterwards by those of the Amalekites. Besides, it is
highly probable that during their sojourn they traded with the
neighboring nations who bordered on the wilderness [Hewlett].