Ex 27:1-21. Altar for Burnt
1, 2. altar of shittim wood—The
dimensions of this altar which was placed at the entrance of the
sanctuary were nearly three yards square, and a yard and a half in
height. Under the wooden frame of this chest-like altar the inside was
hollow, and each corner was to be terminated by "horns"—angular
projections, perpendicular or oblique, in the form of horns. The
animals to be sacrificed were bound to these (Ps 118:27), and part of the blood was applied to
3. shovels—fire shovels for scraping
together any of the scattered ashes.
basons—for receiving the blood of the
sacrifice to be sprinkled on the people.
fleshhooks—curved, three-pronged forks
fire-pans—A large sort of vessel,
wherein the sacred fire which came down from heaven (Le 9:24) was kept burning, while they cleaned
the altar and the grate from the coals and ashes, and while the altar
was carried from one place to another in the wilderness [Patrick, Spencer,
4. a grate of network of brass—sunk
latticework to support the fire.
four brazen rings—by which the grating
might be lifted and taken away as occasion required from the body of
5. put it under the compass of the altar
beneath—that is, the grating in which they were carried to a
clean place (Le 4:12).
6, 7. staves … rings—Those rings
were placed at the side through which the poles were inserted on
occasions of removal.
9-19. the court of the tabernacle—The
enclosure in which the edifice stood was a rectangular court, extending
rather more than fifty yards in length and half that space in breadth,
and the enclosing parapet was about three yards or half the height of
the tabernacle. That parapet consisted of a connected series of
curtains, made of fine twined linen yarn, woven into a kind of network,
so that the people could see through; but that large curtain which
overhung the entrance was of a different texture, being embroidered and
dyed with variegated colors, and it was furnished with cords for
pulling it up or drawing it aside when the priests had occasion to
enter. The curtains of this enclosure were supported on sixty brazen
pillars which stood on pedestals of the same metal, but their capitals
and fillets were of silver, and the hooks on which they were suspended
were of silver also.
19. pins—were designed to hold down the
curtains at the bottom, lest the wind should waft them aside.
20, 21. pure oil olive beaten—that is,
such as runs from the olives when bruised and without the application
for the light … Aaron and his
sons—were to take charge of lighting it in all time
21. shall order it from evening to
morning—The tabernacle having no windows, the lamps required
to be lighted during the day. Josephus
says that in his time only three were lighted; but his were degenerate
times, and there is no Scripture authority for this limitation. But
although the priests were obliged from necessity to light them by day,
they might have let them go out at night had it not been for this