Ge 14:1-24. War.
1. And it came to pass—This chapter
presents Abram in the unexpected character of a warrior. The occasion
was this: The king of Sodom and the kings of the adjoining cities,
after having been tributaries for twelve years to the king of Elam,
combined to throw off his yoke. To chastise their rebellion, as he
deemed it, Chedorlaomer, with the aid of three allies, invaded the
territories of the refractory princes, defeated them in a pitched
battle where the nature of the ground favored his army (Ge 14:10), and hastened in triumph on his
homeward march, with a large amount of captives and booty, though
merely a stranger.
12. they took Lot … and his goods, and
departed—How would the conscience of that young man now
upbraid him for his selfish folly and ingratitude in withdrawing from
his kind and pious relative! Whenever we go out of the path of duty, we
put ourselves away from God's protection, and cannot expect that the
choice we make will be for our lasting good.
13. there came one that had
escaped—Abram might have excused himself from taking any
active concern in his "brother," that is, nephew, who little deserved
that he should incur trouble or danger on his account. But
Abram, far from rendering evil for evil, resolved to take immediate
measures for the rescue of Lot.
14. And when Abram heard that his brother was
taken captive, he armed his trained servants—domestic slaves,
such as are common in Eastern countries still and are considered and
treated as members of the family. If Abram could spare three hundred
and eighteen slaves and leave a sufficient number to take care of the
flocks, what a large establishment he must have had.
15, 16. he divided himself … by
night—This war between the petty princes of ancient Canaan is
exactly the same as the frays and skirmishes between Arab chiefs in the
present day. When a defeated party resolves to pursue the enemy, they
wait till they are fast asleep; then, as they have no idea of posting
sentinels, they rush upon them from different directions, strike down
the tent poles—if there is any fight at all, it is the fray of a
tumultuous mob—a panic commonly ensues, and the whole contest is
ended with little or no loss on either side.
18. Melchizedek—This victory conferred a
public benefit on that part of the country; and Abram, on his return,
was treated with high respect and consideration, particularly by the
king of Sodom and Melchizedek, who seems to have been one of the few
native princes, if not the only one, who knew and worshipped, "the most
high God," whom Abram served. This king who was a type of the Saviour
7:1), came to bless God for
the victory which had been won, and in the name of God to bless Abram,
by whose arms it had been achieved—a pious acknowledgment which
we should imitate on succeeding in any lawful enterprise.
20. he gave him tithes of all—Here is an
evidence of Abram's piety, as well as of his valor; for it was to a
priest or official mediator between God and him that Abram gave a tenth
of the spoil—a token of his gratitude and in honor of a divine
21. the king of Sodom said … Give me the
persons—According to the war customs still existing among the
Arab tribes, Abram might have retained the recovered goods, and his
right was acknowledged by the king of Sodom. But with honest pride, and
a generosity unknown in that part of the world, he replied with strong
phraseology common to the East, "I have lifted up mine hand" [that is,
I have sworn] unto the Lord that I will not take from a thread even to
a sandal-thong, and that that I will not take any thing that [is]
thine, lest thou shouldst say, I have made Abram rich" [Ge 14:22, 23].