Roswell D. Hitchcock
American pastor and educator
Roswell Dwight Hitchcock (August 15, 1817 - June 16, 1887), American divine, was born at East Machias, Maine. He graduated at Amherst College in 1836, and later studied at Andover Theological Seminary, Mass. After a visit to Germany he was a tutor at Amherst in 1839-1842, and was minister of the First (Congregational) Church, Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1845-1852.
Hitchcock graduated from Amherst in 1836, and, after a year or more spent in teaching, entered Andover theological seminary in 1838. He was a tutor at Amherst from 1839 till 1842, preached for a year at Waterville, Maine, and on 19 November, 1845, was ordained pastor of the 1st Congregational church of Exeter, New Hampshire Soon after this he spent a year in Germany, studying at the universities of Halle and Berlin.
In 1852 Dr. Hitchcock resigned his pastorate to accept the Collins professorship of natural and revealed religion in Bowdoin, and three years later he was called to the professorship of church history in Union Theological Seminary, New York city. He visited Italy and Greece in 1866, and Egypt, Sinai, and Palestine in1869. In 1871 he was elected president of the American Palestine Exploration Society, and in 1880 president of Union Theological Seminary, still continuing his lectures. Those on the Life of Christ and on Apostolic Church History were made extremely interesting from his personal acquaintance with the Holy Land.
He also proved himself, while president, to be an efficient man of business, and assured the success of the seminary from a financial point of view. Under his administration land was purchased in the upper part of New York city, and through his efforts new buildings were erected which were dedicated on 9 December, 1884. He received the degree of D. D. from Bowdoin, and from the University of Edinburgh in 1885, and that of LL. D. from Williams in 1873, and from Harvard in 1886.
In 1880 Dr. Hitchcock was elected vice president of the American Geographical Society. He was also a trustee of Amherst college from 1869 until his death. He published numerous orations, addresses, and sermons, and contributed many articles to the religious press. From 1863 till 1870 he was one of the editors of the American Theological Review. He is the author of a Life of Edward Robinson(New York, 1863); Complete Analysis of the Bible (1869); Hymns and Songs of Praise, with Dr. Philip Schaff and Dr. Zachary Eddy (1874); Hymns and Songs for Social and Sabbath Worship (1875); Socialism (1879); and Carmina Sanctorum. with Dr. Zachary Eddy and Reverend Lewis W. Nudge (1885). He translated and edited, with Dr. Francis Brown, The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (1884; revised ed., 1885). Soon after the publication of the Revised New Testament, in 1881, he prepared a volume giving the American revisers' preferences in the text and those of the English committee in an appendix.
Works by Roswell D. Hitchcock
This dictionary lists the meanings of most of the Hebrew names that appear in the Bible (over 2,500). Though first published in 1869, Hitchcock’s scholarship of the Hebrew language still measures up to contemporary standards. In fact, biblical linguists to this day are undecided about the meaning of the few words Hitchcock did not include. This work can prove an invaluable resource for anyone who wishes to study Scripture or the Hebrew language more deeply.
Popularity is calculated by comparing this book's number of views to our most commonly read book. Popularity is calculated by comparing this book's number of editions to the book with the largest number of editions.