R O M A N S.
The dissolving of the peculiar church-state of the
Jews, and the rejection of that polity by the repealing of their
ceremonial law, the vacating of all the institutions of it, the
abolishing of their priesthood, the burning of their temple, and
the taking away of their place and nation, and in their room the
substituting and erecting of a catholic church-state among the
Gentile nations, though to us, now that these things have long
since been done and completed, they may seem no great matter, yet
to those who lived when they were doing, who knew how high the Jews
had stood in God's favour, and how deplorable the condition of the
Gentile world had been for many ages, it appeared very great and
marvellous, and a mystery hard to be understood. The apostle, in
this chapter, as in the foregoing and that which follows, is
explaining and proving it; but with several very useful
digressions, which a little interrupt the thread of his discourse.
To two great truths I would reduce this chapter:—I. That there is
a great difference between the righteousness of the law, which the
unbelieving Jews were wedded to, and the righteousness of faith
offered in the gospel, ver.
1-11. II. That there is no difference between Jews and
Gentiles; but, in point of justification and acceptance with God,
the gospel sets them both upon the same level, ver. 12 to the end.