Z E C H A R I A H.
Divers things were foretold, in the two foregoing
chapters, which should come to pass "in that day;" this chapter
speaks of a "day of the Lord that cometh," a day of his judgment,
and ten times in the foregoing chapters, and seven times in this,
it is repeated, "in that day;" but what that day is that is here
meant is uncertain, and perhaps will be so (as the Jews speak) till
Elias comes; whether it refer to the whole period of time from the
prophet's days to the days of the Messiah, or to some particular
events in that time, or to Christ's coming, and the setting up of
his kingdom upon the ruins of the Jewish polity, we cannot
determine, but divers passages here seem to look as far forward as
gospel-times. Now the "day of the Lord" brings with it both
judgment and mercy, mercy to his church, judgment to her enemies
and persecutors. I. The gates of hell are here threatening the
church (ver. 1, 2) and
yet not prevailing. II. The power of Heaven appears here for the
church and against the enemies of it, ver. 3, 5. III. The events concerning the
church are here represented as mixed (ver. 6, 7), but issuing well at last. IV.
The spreading of the means of knowledge is here foretold, and the
setting up of the gospel-kingdom in the world (ver. 8, 9), which shall be the enlargement
and establishment of another Jerusalem, ver. 10, 11. V. Those shall be reckoned
with that fought against Jerusalem (ver. 12-15) and those that neglect his
worship there, ver.
17-19. VI. It is promised that there shall be great
resort to the church, and great purity and piety in it, ver. 16, 20, 21.