Z E C H A R I A H.
The apostle (Gal.
iv. 25, 26) distinguishes between "Jerusalem which now
is, and is in bondage with her children"—the remaining carcase of
the Jewish church that rejected Christ, and "Jerusalem that is from
above, that is free, and is the mother of us all"—the Christian
church, the spiritual Jerusalem, which God has chosen to put his
name there; in the foregoing chapter we read the doom of the
former, and left that carcase to be a prey to the eagles that
should be gathered to it. Now, in this chapter, we have the
blessings of the latter, many precious promises made to the
gospel-Jerusalem by him who (ver.
1) declares his power to make them good. It is promised,
I. That the attempts of the church's enemies against her shall be
to their own ruin, and they shall find that it is at their peril if
they do her any hurt, ver. 2-4,
6. II. That the endeavours of the church's friends and
patrons for her good shall be pious, regular, and successful,
ver. 5. III. That God will
protect and strengthen the meanest and weakest that belong to his
church, and work salvation for them, ver. 7, 8. IV. That as a preparative for
all this mercy, and a pledge of it, he will pour upon them a spirit
of prayer and repentance, the effect of which shall be universal
and very particular, ver.
9-14. These promises were of use then to the pious Jews
that lived in the troublous times under Antiochus, and other
persecutors and oppressors; and they are still to be improved in
every age for the directing of our prayers and the encouraging of
our hopes with reference to the gospel-church.