L A M E N T A T I O N S.
The scope of this chapter is the same with that of
the two foregoing chapters, but the composition is somewhat
different; that was in long verse, this is in short, another kind
of metre; that was in single alphabets, this is in a treble one.
Here is, I. A sad complaint of God's displeasure and the fruits of
it, ver. 1-20. II. Words
of comfort to God's people when they are in trouble and distress,
ver. 21-36. III. Duty
prescribed in this afflicted state, ver. 37-41. IV. The complaint renewed,
ver. 42-54. V.
Encouragement taken to hope in God, and continue waiting for his
salvation, with an appeal to his justice against the persecutors of
the church, ver. 55-66.
Some make all this to be spoken by the prophet himself when he was
imprisoned and persecuted; but it seems rather to be spoken in the
person of the church now in captivity and in a manner desolate, and
in the desolations of which the prophet did in a particular manner
interest himself. But the complaints here are somewhat more general
than those in the foregoing chapter, being accommodated to the case
as well of particular persons as of the public, and intended for
the use of the closet rather than of the solemn assembly. Some
think Jeremiah makes these complaints, not only as an intercessor
for Israel, but as a type of Christ, who was thought by some to be
Jeremiah the weeping prophet, because he was much in tears
(Matt. xvi. 14) and to him
many of the passages here may be applied.