J O E L.
In this chapter we have, I. A further description
of that terrible desolation which should be made in the land of
Judah by the locusts and caterpillars, ver. 1-11. II. A serious call to the
people, when they are under this sore judgment, to return and
repent, to fast and pray, and to seek unto God for mercy, with
directions how to do this aright, ver. 12-17. III. A promise that, upon
their repentance, God would remove the judgment, would repair the
breaches made upon them by it, and restore unto them plenty of all
good things, ver. 18-27.
IV. A prediction of the setting up of the kingdom of the Messiah in
the world, by the pouring out of the Spirit in the latter days,
ver. 28-32. Thus the
beginning of this chapter is made terrible with the tokens of God's
wrath, but the latter end of it made comfortable with the
assurances of his favour, and it is in the way of repentance that
this blessed change is made; so that, though it is only the last
paragraph of the chapter that points directly at gospel-times, yet
the whole may be improved as a type and figure, representing the
curses of the law invading men for their sins, and the comforts of
the gospel flowing in to them upon their repentance.