J E R E M I A H.
Moab is next set to the bar before Jeremiah the
prophet, whom God has constituted judge over nations and kingdoms,
from his mouth to receive its doom. Isaiah's predictions concerning
Moab had had their accomplishment (we had the predictions Isa. xv. and xvi. and the like
Amos ii. 1), and they were
fulfilled when the Assyrians, under Salmanassar, invaded and
distressed Moab. But this is a prophecy of the desolations of Moab
by the Chaldeans, which were accomplished under Nebuzaradan, about
five years after he had destroyed Jerusalem. Here is, I. The
destruction foretold, that it should be great and general, should
extend itself to all parts of the country (ver. 1-6, 8, and again ver. 21-25, 34), that spoilers should
come upon them and force some to flee (ver. 9), should carry many into captivity
(ver. 12, 46), that the
enemy should come shortly (ver.
16), come swiftly and surprise them (ver. 40, 41), that he should make
thorough work (ver. 10)
and lay the country quite waste, though it was very strong
(ver. 14, 15), that
there should be no escaping (ver.
42, 45), that this should force them to quit their idols
(ver. 13, 35) and put
an end to all their joy (ver. 33,
34), that their neighbours shall lament them (ver. 17-19) and the prophet
himself does (ver. 31,
36, &c.). II. The causes of this destruction
assigned; it was sin that brought this ruin upon them, their pride,
and security, and carnal confidence (ver. 7, 11, 14, 29), and their
contempt of and enmity to God and his people, ver. 26, 27, 30. III. A promise of the
restoration of Moab, ver.