J E R E M I A H.
Reproof for sin and threatenings of judgment are
intermixed in this chapter, and are set the one over against the
other: judgments are threatened, that the reproofs of sin might be
the more effectual to bring them to repentance; sin is discovered,
that God might be justified in the judgments threatened. I. The
sins they are charged with are very great:—Injustice (ver. 1), hypocrisy in religion
(ver. 2), incorrigibleness
(ver. 3), the corruption and
debauchery of both poor and rich (ver. 4, 5), idolatry and adultery (ver. 7, 8), treacherous departures
from God (ver. 11), and
impudent defiance of him (ver. 12,
13), and, that which is at the bottom of all this, want
of the fear of God, notwithstanding the frequent calls given them
to fear him, ver. 20-24.
In the close of the chapter they are charged with violence and
oppression (ver. 26-28),
and a combination of those to debauch the nation who should have
been active to reform it, ver. 30,
31. II. The judgments they are threatened with are very
terrible. In general, they shall be reckoned with, ver. 9, 29. A foreign enemy shall
be brought in upon them (ver.
15-17), shall set guards upon them (ver. 6), shall destroy their fortification
(ver. 10), shall carry them
away into captivity (ver.
19), and keep all good things from them, ver. 25. Herein the words of God's
prophets shall be fulfilled, ver.
14. But, III. Here is an intimation twice given that God
would in the midst of wrath remember mercy, and not utterly destroy
them, ver. 10, 18. This
was the scope and purport of Jeremiah's preaching in the latter end
of Josiah's reign and the beginning of Jehoiakim's; but the success
of it did not answer expectation.