J E R E M I A H.
History is the best expositor of prophecy; and
therefore, for the better understanding of the prophecies of this
book which relate to the destruction of Jerusalem and the kingdom
of Judah, we are here furnished with an account of that sad event.
It is much he same with the history we had 2 Kings xxiv. and xxv., and many of the
particulars we had before in that book, but the matter is here
repeated and put together, to give light to the book of the
Lamentations, which follows next, and to serve as a key to it. That
article in the close concerning the advancement of Jehoiachin in
his captivity, which happened after Jeremiah's time, gives colour
to the conjecture of those who suppose that this chapter was not
written by Jeremiah himself, but by some man divinely inspired
among those in captivity, for a constant memorandum to those who in
Babylon preferred Jerusalem above their chief joy. In this chapter
we have, I. The bad reign of Zedekiah, very bad in regard both of
sin and of punishment, ver.
1-3. II. The besieging and taking of Jerusalem by the
Chaldeans, ver. 4-7. III.
The severe usage which Zedekiah and the princes met with, ver. 8-11. IV. The destruction of
the temple and the city, ver.
12-14. V. The captivity of the people (ver. 15, 16) and the numbers of
those that were carried away into captivity, ver. 28-30. VI. The carrying off of the
plunder of the temple, ver.
17-23. VII. The slaughter of the priests, and some other
great men, in cold blood, ver.
24-27. VIII. The better days which king Jehoiachin lived
to see in the latter end of his time, after the death of