I S A I A H.
In this chapter the prophet, in God's name, shows
the people of God their transgressions, even the house of Jacob
their sins, and the judgments which were likely to be brought upon
them for their sins, I. By a parable, under the similitude of an
unfruitful vineyard, representing the great favours God had
bestowed upon them, their disappointing his expectations from them,
and the ruin they had thereby deserved, ver. 1-7. II. By an enumeration of the sins
that did abound among them, with a threatening of punishments that
should answer to the sins. 1. Covetousness, and greediness of
worldly wealth, which shall be punished with famine, ver. 8-10. 2. Rioting, revelling,
and drunkenness (ver. 11, 12,
22, 23), which shall be punished with captivity and all
the miseries that attend it, ver.
13-17. 3. Presumption in sin, and defying the justice of
God, ver. 18, 19. 4.
Confounding the distinctions between virtue and vice, and so
undermining the principles of religion, ver. 20. 5. Self-conceit, ver. 21. 6. Perverting justice, for which,
and the other instances of reigning wickedness among them, a great
and general desolation in threatened, which should lay all waste
(ver. 24, 25), and which
should be effected by a foreign invasion (ver. 26-30), referring perhaps to the
havoc made not long after by Sennacherib's army.