I S A I A H.
As we had much of Christ in the 53rd chapter, and much of the church of
Christ in the 54th
chapter, so in this chapter we have much of the covenant
of grace made with us in Christ. The "sure mercies of David," which
are promised here (ver. 3),
are applied by the apostle to the benefits which flow to us from
the resurrection of Christ (Acts xiii.
34), which may serve as a key to this chapter; not but
that it was intended for the comfort of the people of God that
lived then, especially of the captives in Babylon, and others of
the dispersed of Israel; but unto us was this gospel preached as
well as unto them, and much more clearly and fully in the New
Testament. Here is, I. A free and gracious invitation to all to
come and take the benefit of gospel grace, ver. 1. II. Pressing arguments to enforce
this invitation, ver.
2-4. III. A promise of the success of this invitation
among the Gentiles, ver. 5.
IV. An exhortation to repentance and reformation, with great
encouragement given to hope for pardon thereupon, ver. 6-9. V. The ratification of
all this, with the certain efficacy of the word of God, ver. 10, 11. And a particular
instance of the accomplishment of it in the return of the Jews out
of their captivity, which was intended for a sign of the
accomplishment of all these other promises.