E Z E K I E L.
The prophecy of this chapter, as the two chapters
before, is against Egypt, and designed for the humbling and
mortifying of Pharaoh. In passing sentence upon great criminals it
is usual to consult precedents, and to see what has been done to
others in the like case, which serves both to direct and to justify
the proceedings. Pharaoh stands indicted at the bar of divine
justice for his pride and haughtiness, and the injuries he had done
to God's people; but he thinks himself so high, so great, as not to
be accountable to any authority, so strong, and so well guarded, as
not to be conquerable by any force. The prophet is therefore
directed to make a report to him of the case of the king of
Assyria, whose head city was Nineveh. I. He must show him how great
a monarch the king of Assyria had been, what a vast empire he had,
what a mighty sway he bore; the king of Egypt, great as he was
could not go beyond him, ver.
3-9. II. He must then show him how like he was to the
king of Assyria in pride and carnal security, ver. 10. III. He must next read him the
history of the fall and ruin of the king of Assyria, what a noise
it made among the nations and what a warning it gave to all potent
princes to take heed of pride, ver. 11-17. IV. He must leave the king of
Egypt to apply all this to himself, to see his own face in the
looking-glass of the king of Assyria's sin, and to foresee his own
fall through the perspective glass of his ruin, ver. 18.