P S A L M S
David, in this psalm, appeals to the righteous
Judge of heaven and earth against his enemies that hated and
persecuted him. It is supposed that Saul and his party are the
persons he means, for with them he had the greatest struggles. I.
He complains to God of the injuries they did him; they strove with
him, fought against him (ver.
1), persecuted him (ver.
3), sought his ruin (ver.
4, 7), accused him falsely (ver. 11), abused him basely (ver. 15, 16), and all his friends
(ver. 20), and triumphed
over him,, ver. 21, 25,
26. II. He pleads his own innocency, that he never gave
them any provocation (ver. 7,
19), but, on the contrary, had studied to oblige them,
ver. 12-14. III. He
prays to God to protect and deliver him, and appear for him
(ver. 1, 2), to comfort
him (ver. 3), to be nigh to
him and rescue him (ver. 17,
22), to plead his cause (ver. 23, 24), to defeat all the designs of
his enemies against him (ver. 3,
4), to disappoint their expectations of his fall
(ver. 19, 25, 26),
and, lastly, to countenance all his friends, and encourage them
(ver. 27. IV. He prophesies
the destruction of his persecutors, ver. 4-6, 8. V. He promises himself that
he shall yet see better days (ver.
9, 10), and promises God that he will then attend him
with his praises, ver. 18,
28. In singing this psalm, and praying over it, we must
take heed of applying it to any little peevish quarrels and
enmities of our own, and of expressing by it any uncharitable
revengeful resentments of injuries done to us; for Christ has
taught us to forgive our enemies and not to pray against them, but
to pray for them, as he did; but, 1. We may comfort ourselves with
the testimony of our consciences concerning our innocency, with
reference to those that are any way injurious to us, and with hopes
that God will, in his own way and time, right us, and, in the mean
time, support us. 2. We ought to apply it to the public enemies of
Christ and his kingdom, typified by David and his kingdom, to
resent the indignities done to Christ's honour, to pray to God to
plead the just and injured cause of Christianity and serious
godliness, and to believe that God will, in due time, glorify his
own name in the ruin of all the irreconcilable enemies of his
church, that will not repent to give him glory.