P S A L M S
Whether David penned this psalm when he was
persecuted by Saul, or when his son Absalom rebelled against him,
or upon occasion of some other trouble that was given him, is
uncertain; and whether the particular enemy he prays against was
Saul, or Doeg, or Ahithophel, or some other not mentioned in the
story, we cannot determine; but it is certain that in penning it he
had an eye to Christ, his sufferings and his persecutors, for that
imprecation (ver. 8) is
applied to Judas, Acts i.
20. The rest of the prayers here against his enemies
were the expressions, not of passion, but of the Spirit of
prophecy. I. He lodges a complaint in the court of heaven of the
malice and base ingratitude of his enemies and with it an appeal to
the righteous God, ver.
1-5. II. He prays against his enemies, and devotes them
to destruction, ver.
6-20. III. He prays for himself, that God would help and
succour him in his low condition, ver. 21-29. IV. He concludes with a
joyful expectation that God would appear for him, ver. 30, 31. In singing this
psalm we must comfort ourselves with the believing foresight of the
certain destruction of all the enemies of Christ and his church,
and the certain salvation of all those that trust in God and keep
close to him.