F I R S T K I N G S
The glory of the kingdom of Israel was in its
height and perfection in Solomon; it was long in coming to it, but
it soon declined, and began to sink and wither in the very next
reign, as we find in this chapter, where we have the kingdom
divided, and thereby weakened and made little in comparison with
what it had been. Here is, I. Rehoboam's accession to the throne
and Jeroboam's return out of Egypt, ver. 1, 2. II. The people's petition to
Rehoboam for the redress of grievances, and the rough answer he
gave, by the advice of his young counsellors, to that petition,
ver. 3-15. III. The
revolt of the ten tribes thereupon, and their setting up Jeroboam,
ver. 16-20. IV.
Rehoboam's attempt to reduce them and the prohibition God gave to
that attempt, ver.
21-24. V. Jeroboam's establishment of his government
upon idolatry, ver.
25-33. Thus did Judah become weak, being deserted by
their brethren, and Israel, by deserting the house of the Lord.