L E V I T I C U S
In this chapter we have the institution of the
annual solemnity of the day of atonement, or expiation, which had
as much gospel in it as perhaps any of the appointments of the
ceremonial law, as appears by the reference the apostle makes to
it, Heb. ix. 7, &c. We
had before divers laws concerning sin-offerings for particular
persons, and to be offered upon particular occasions; but this is
concerning the stated sacrifice, in which the whole nation was
interested. The whole service of the day is committed to the high
priest. I. He must never come into the most holy place but upon
this day, ver. 1, 2. II.
He must come dressed in linen garments, ver. 4. III. He must bring a sin-offering and
a burnt-offering for himself (ver.
3), offer his sin-offering (ver. 6-11), then go within the veil with
some of the blood of his sin-offering, burn incense, and sprinkle
the blood before the mercy-seat, ver. 12-14. IV. Two goats must be provided
for the people, lots cast upon them, and, 1. One of them must be a
sin-offering for the people (ver.
5, 7-9), and the blood of it must be sprinkled before
the mercy-seat (ver.
15-17), and then some of the blood of both the
sin-offerings must be sprinkled upon the altar, ver. 18, 19. 2. The other must be a
scape-goat (ver. 10), the
sins of Israel must be confessed over him, and then he must be sent
away into the wilderness (ver.
20-22), and he that brought him away must be
ceremonially unclean, ver.
26. V. The burnt-offerings were then to be offered, the
fat of the sin-offerings burnt on the altar, and their flesh burnt
without the camp, ver. 23-25,
27, 28. VI. The people were to observe the day
religiously by a holy rest and holy mourning for sin; and this was
to be a statute for ever, ver.