Note 104
From Chapter 31 of the Decline & Fall

Marcella, a Roman lady, equally respectable for her rank, her age, and her piety, was thrown on the ground and cruelly beaten and whipped,

caesam fustibus flagellisque, etc. Jerom, tom. i. p. 121, ad Principiam [Ep. cxxvii. c. 13, tom. i . p. 953, ed. Vallars] .

See Augustine, The City of God, 1. i. c. 10. The modern Sacco di Roma, p. 108, gives an idea of the various methods of torturing prisoners for gold.

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