1Saul was forty years old when he began to reign; and when
he had reigned two years over Israel,
2Saul chose him three thousand men
of Israel, of which two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the Mount
of Bethel, and one thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the
rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.
3Jonathan struck the
garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba: and the Philistines heard of
it. Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews
4All Israel heard say that Saul had struck the garrison of the
Philistines, and also that Israel was had in abomination with the
Philistines. The people were gathered together after Saul to Gilgal.
Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty
thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is
on the seashore in multitude: and they came up, and encamped in Michmash,
eastward of Beth Aven.
6When the men of Israel saw that they were in a
strait (for the people were distressed), then the people did hide themselves
in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in coverts, and in pits.
7Now some of the Hebrews had gone over the Jordan to the land of Gad and
Gilead; but as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed
8He stayed seven days, according to the set time that
Samuel had appointed: but Samuel didn’t come to Gilgal; and the
people were scattered from him.
9Saul said, Bring here the burnt offering
to me, and the peace offerings. He offered the burnt offering.
to pass that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering,
behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him.
11Samuel said, What have you done? Saul said, Because I saw that the
people were scattered from me, and that you didn’t come within the days
appointed, and that the Philistines assembled themselves together at
12therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come down on me to
Gilgal, and I haven’t entreated the favor of Yahweh: I forced myself
therefore, and offered the burnt offering.
13Samuel said to Saul, You
have done foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God,
which he commanded you: for now would Yahweh have established your kingdom on
14But now your kingdom shall not continue: Yahweh has
sought him a man after his own heart, and Yahweh has appointed him to be
prince over his people, because you have not kept that which Yahweh commanded
15Samuel arose, and got him up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin.
Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.
16Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people who were present with them,
abode in Geba of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
17The spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three
companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of
18and another company turned the way to Beth Horon; and another
company turned the way of the border that looks down on the valley of Zeboim
toward the wilderness.
19Now there was no smith found throughout all the
land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords
20but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to
sharpen every man his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;
21yet they had
a file for the mattocks, and for the plowshares, and for the forks, and for
the axes, and to set the goads.
22So it came to pass in the day of
battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of
the people who were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan
his son was there found.
23The garrison of the Philistines went out to
the pass of Michmash.