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Chapter 12

1Then he began to speak to them in figures.

“A man once planted a vineyard and fenced it in and hewed out a wine-vat and built a watch tower, and he leased it to tenants and left the neighborhood. 2At the proper time he sent a slave to the tenants to get from them a share of the vintage. 3And they took him and beat him and sent him back empty-handed. 4And again he sent another slave to them. And they beat him over the head and treated him shamefully. 5And he sent another; and him they killed; and so with many others, some they beat and some they killed. 6He still had one left to send, a dearly loved son. He sent him to them last of all, thinking, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7But the tenants said to one another, ‘This is his heir! Come on, let us kill him, and the property will belong to us!’ 8So they took him and killed him, and threw his body outside of the vineyard. 9What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come back and put the tenants to death and give the vineyard to others. 10Did you never read this passage of Scripture:

“ ‘That stone which the builders rejected

Has become the cornerstone;

11This came from the Lord

And seems marvelous to us’?”

12And they tried to have him arrested, but they were afraid of the people, for they knew that the illustration was aimed at them. And they left him and went away.

13They sent some Pharisees and Herodians to him to entrap him in argument. 14And they came up and said to him,

“Master, we know that you tell the truth regardless of the consequences, for you are not guided by personal considerations, but teach the way of God with sincerity. Is it right to pay the poll tax to the emperor or not? 15Should we pay it, or refuse to pay it?”

But he saw through their pretense, and said to them,

“Why do you put me to such a test? Bring me a denarius to look at.”

16And they brought him one. He said to them,

“Whose head and title is this?”

And they told him,

“The emperor’s.”

17And Jesus said,

“Pay the emperor what belongs to the emperor, and pay God what belongs to God!”

And they were astonished at him.

18Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to him and asked him a question.

19“Master,” they said, “Moses made us a law that if a man’s brother died, leaving a wife but no child, the man should marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother. 20There were once seven brothers. And the eldest married a wife and died, leaving no child. 21And the second married her, and died without leaving any child, and so did the third. 22And none of the seven left any child. Finally, the woman died too. 23At the resurrection, which one’s wife will she be? For all seven of them married her.”

24Jesus said to them,

“Does not this show that you are wrong, and do not understand either the Scriptures or the power of God? 25For when people rise from the dead, there is no marrying or being married, but they live as angels do in heaven. 26But as to the dead being raised, have you never read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27He is not God of dead men but of living! You are entirely wrong.”

28One of the scribes came up and heard them arguing. He saw that Jesus had answered them well, and he asked him,

“Which is the first of all the commands?”

29Jesus answered,

“The first one is, ‘Hear, Israel! The Lord our God is one lord, 30and you must love the Lord your God with your whole heart, your whole soul, your whole mind, and your whole strength.’ 31And this is the second: ‘You must love your neighbor as you do yourself.’ No other command is greater than these.”

32The scribe said to him,

“Really, Master, you have finely said that he stands alone, and there is none but he, 33and to love him with one’s whole heart, one’s whole understanding, and one’s whole strength, and to love one’s neighbor as one’s self is far more than all these burnt-offerings and sacrifices.”

34And Jesus saw that he answered thoughtfully, and he said to him,

“You are not far from the Kingdom of God!”

And no one ventured to ask him any more questions.

35As Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he answered them and said,

“How can the scribes say that the Christ is a son of David? 36David himself, under the influence of the holy Spirit, said,

“ ‘The Lord has said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand

Until I put your enemies under your feet.*#“)

37David himself calls him lord, and how can he be his son?”

The mass of the people liked to hear him. 38And in the course of his teaching he said to them,

“Beware of the scribes who like to go about in long robes and to be saluted with respect in public places, 39and to have the front seats in the synagogues and the best places at dinners— 40men that eat up widows’ houses and to cover it up make long prayers! They will get a far heavier sentence!”

41And he sat down facing the treasury and watched the people dropping money into it; and many rich people were putting in large sums. 42A poor widow came up and dropped in two little copper coins which make a cent. 43And he called his disciples to him and said,

“I tell you that this poor widow has put in more than all these others who have been putting money into the treasury. 44For they all gave of what they had to spare, but she in her want has put in everything she possessed—all she had to live on.”

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