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THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS - Chapter 8 - Verse 30

Verse 30. Moreover, etc. In this verse, in order to show to Christians the true consolation to be derived from the fact that they are predestinated, the apostle states the connexion between that predestination and their certain salvation. The one implied the other.

Whom he did predestinate. All whom he did predestinate.

Them he also called. Called by his Spirit to become Christians. He called, not merely by an external invitation, but in such a way as that they in fact were justified. This cannot refer simply to an external call of the gospel, since those who are here said to be called are said also to be justified and glorified. The meaning is, that there is a certain connexion between the predestination and the call, which will be manifested in due time. The connexion is so certain that the one infallibly secures the other.

He justified. See Barnes "Ro 3:24".

Not that he justified them from eternity, for this was not true; and if it were, it would also follow that he glorified them from eternity, which would be an absurdity. It means that there is a regular sequence of events—the predestination precedes and secures the calling, and the calling precedes and secures the justification. The one is connected in the purpose of God with the other; and the one, in fact, does not take place without the other. The purpose was in eternity; the calling and justifying in time.

Them he also glorified. This refers probably to heaven. It means that there is a connexion between justification and glory. The one does not exist without the other in its own proper time; as the calling does not subsist without the act of justification. This proves, therefore, the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints. There is a connexion infallible and everexisting between the predestination and the final salvation. They who are subjects of the one are partakers of the other. That this is the sense is clear,

(1.) because it is the natural and obvious meaning of the passage;

(2.) because this only would meet the design of the argument of the apostle. For how would it be a source of consolation to say to them, that whom God foreknew he predestinated, and whom he predestinated he called, and whom he called he justified, and whom he justified might fall away and be lost for ever?

{l} "called" Heb 9:15 {m} "justified" 1 Co 6:11 {n} "glorified" Joh 17:22

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